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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32--9

Remediation of attention deficits in head injury.


Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560029, India., India

Correspondence Address:
S Nag
Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, 560029, India.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 10339705

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Head injury is associated with psychological sequelae which impair the patient's psychosocial functioning. Information processing, attention and memory deficits are seen in head injuries of all severity. We attempted to improve deficits of focused, sustained and divided attention. The principle of overlapping sources of attention resource pools was utilised in devising the remediation programme. Tasks used simple inexpensive materials. Four head injured young adult males with post concussion syndrome underwent the retraining program for one month. The patients had deficits of focused, sustained and divided attention parallel processing, serial processing, visual scanning, verbal learning and memory and working memory. After the retraining programme the deficits of attention improved in the four patients. Serial processing improved in two patients. Parallel processing and neuropsychological deficits did not improve in any patient. The symptom intensity reduced markedly and behavioural functioning improved in three of the four patients. The results supported an association between improving attention and reduction of symptom intensity. Attention remediation shows promise as a cost effective, time efficient and simple technique to improve the psychological and psychosocial functioning of the head injured patient.






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Online since 20th March '04
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