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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 188--190

Lumboperitoneal shunts: Review of 409 cases


1 Department of Surgery, with Neurosurgery unit, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur, India
2 Radiology and MRI Diagnostic Centre, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur, India
3 Department of Surgery, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur, India

Correspondence Address:
Y R Yadav
105, Nehru Nagar, Opposite Medical College, Jabalpur
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 15269466

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A prospective study was carried out to evaluate the lumboperitoneal shunt procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred and nine patients having communicating hydrocephalus were selected for the procedure during a 10-year period from March 1992 to February 2002. The average follow-up was 45.34 months. RESULTS: Tubercular meningitis (TBM)-related hydrocephalus was detected in 285 patients. Forty per cent of the patients were less than 15 years of age. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of less than 8 was seen in 40% patients and 14.9% patients were in GCS 13-15. At the time of discharge 56.7% patients improved in their GCS to 13 -15 and 14.9% were in GCS 8 or less. The overall mortality was 5.13% and shunt-related mortality was seen in 2% patients. Shunt malfunction requiring revision was seen in 32 patients (7.8%) and the total number of shunt revisions was 44 (11%). Shunt infection was noted in 3.4% patients. CSF leak at the lumbar end occurred in 12 patients. Four patients required conversion of LP shunt to VP shunt. CONCLUSIONS: Lumboperitoneal shunt is an effective shunting procedure in communicating hydrocephalus.






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Online since 20th March '04
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