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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 522-523

Fulminant subdural empyema-an unusual complication of pyogenic meningitis


Department of Neurosurgery, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal - 576 119, Udupi, Karnataka, India

Date of Acceptance15-Mar-2004

Correspondence Address:
Department of Neurosurgery, Kasturba Medical College and Hospital, Manipal - 576 119, Udupi, Karnataka, India
shenoysn@yahoo.com



How to cite this article:
Shenoy S N, Rao S N, Raja A. Fulminant subdural empyema-an unusual complication of pyogenic meningitis . Neurol India 2004;52:522-3


How to cite this URL:
Shenoy S N, Rao S N, Raja A. Fulminant subdural empyema-an unusual complication of pyogenic meningitis . Neurol India [serial online] 2004 [cited 2019 Dec 6];52:522-3. Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2004/52/4/522/13629


Sir,

An otherwise normal 56-year-old diabetic patient presented with a one-day history of multiple generalized tonic-clonic seizures followed by altered sensorium. There was no history of fever. There was no history of trauma or any focus of infection. There was no focal neurological deficit or signs of meningitis.

Hematological investigation revealed leucocytosis with a total white blood cell count of 16,600/cu.mm and an ESR of 45 mm. Blood sugar was 351 mg%. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain revealed no abnormality [Figure - 1]. The lumbar CSF analysis revealed 1350 cells/mm with 96% neutrophils and 04% lymphocytes. Blood and CSF cultures did not reveal any growth. A diagnosis of pyogenic meningitis with diabetes was considered and the patient was placed on broad-spectrum antibiotics. Two days after admission to the hospital she developed recurrent attacks of seizures, lapsed into altered sensorium and developed a left pupillary dilatation. Repeat CT scan revealed a left fronto-parietal hypodense, extracerebral fluid collection with severe brain edema causing midline shift and obliteration of the basal cistern [Figure - 2]. An emergency left frontal burr hole was done and thick pus was evacuated. Gram's stain revealed pus cells and gram-negative bacteria and the culture showed growth of Klebsiella species. The patient deteriorated rapidly and died.

Subdural empyema complicating meningitis is relatively common in infants, but is rare in adults.[1],[3] Our experience in the present case suggests that subdural empyema should be suspected in patients with pyogenic meningitis who develop recurrent seizures, focal neurological deficit or deteriorate neurologically.[3],[4],[5] 

  References Top

1.Nathoo N, Nadvi SS, vanDellen JR, Gouws E. Intracranial subdural empyemas in the era of computed tomography: A review of 699 cases. Neurosurgery 1999;44:529-36.  Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Pfister HW, Feiden W, Einhaupl KM. Spectrum of complications during bacterial meningitis in adults. Results of a prospective clinical study. Arch Neurol 1993;50:575-81.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]  
3.Pathak A, Sharma BS, Mathuriya SN, Khosla VK, Khandelwal N, Kak VK. Controversies in the management of subdural empyema. A study of 41 cases with review of literature. (Wien) Acta Neurochir 1990;102:25-32.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  
4.Ogilvy CS, Chapman PH, McGrail K. Subdural empyema complicating bacterial meningitis in a child: Enhancement of membranes with gadolinium on magnetic resonance imaging in a patient without enhancement on computed tomography. Surg Neurol 1992;37:138-41.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  
5.Mahapatra AK, Pawar SJ, Sharma RR. Intracranial salmonella infections: Meningitis, subdural collections and brain abscess. A series of six surgically managed cases with follow-up results. Pediatr Neurosurg 2002;36:8-13.  Back to cited text no. 5  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]

 

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Online since 20th March '04
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