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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 183-184

Simultaneous thalamic and cerebellar hypertensive haemorrhages


Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Seth G.S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai, India

Date of Acceptance16-Sep-2006

Correspondence Address:
Trimurti D Nadkarni
Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Seth G.S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.32806

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How to cite this article:
Balasubramaniam S, Nadkarni TD, Goel A. Simultaneous thalamic and cerebellar hypertensive haemorrhages. Neurol India 2007;55:183-4

How to cite this URL:
Balasubramaniam S, Nadkarni TD, Goel A. Simultaneous thalamic and cerebellar hypertensive haemorrhages. Neurol India [serial online] 2007 [cited 2020 Apr 9];55:183-4. Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2007/55/2/183/32806


Sir,

Hypertensive intracranial haemorrhages are generally located in defined sites and have a relatively typical pattern of extension. We report an unusual case where there were simultaneous spontaneous thalamic and cerebellar haemorrhages in a patient with known hypertension. Presence of two discrete and unconnected clots is rare in hypertensive bleeds and only isolated cases have been recorded in the literature.[1]

A 60-year-old male, a known hypertensive on irregular drug treatment, was admitted with sudden onset giddiness, left hemiplegia and transient unconsciousness. When admitted, 28 hours after the ictus, his blood pressure was 170/100; he was in a drowsy clinical state, obeyed only very simple commands and had dense left sided spastic hemiplegia. Computerized Tomography of the brain demonstrated relatively large intracranial hemorrhages in the right thalamus and left cerebellum [Figure - 1]A and B. There was intraventricular extension. The haemorrhages in the thalamus and in the cerebellum were not connected with each other. The cerebellar hematoma was evacuated by a suboccipital craniectomy. The patient was neurologically stable following the operative procedure. However, on second postoperative day he became unconscious and developed tachypnoea. Postoperative scan confirmed evacuation of the cerebellar clot. The patient expired on the fourth postoperative day.

The simultaneous occurrence of intracranial hemorrhages in different arterial territories is a rare clinical entity.[2] Multiple intracranial haemorrhages are rarely associated with cerebral amyloid angiopathy, venous sinus thrombosis, coagulopathy oral anticoagulant therapy, vasculitis, hemorrhagic transformation of cerebral infarcts and in the presence of multiple intracranial pathologies such as vascular anomalies or tumours.[3] The incidence of multiple hypertensive hematomas has been reported to vary between 1% to 2.8% of spontaneous intracerebral hematomas.[1],[3],[4] In the reported cases with multiple intracranial hypertensive haemorrhages it appears that the duration of hypertension was relatively more, there was an increased incidence of previous strokes and there was a higher incidence of presence of hypercholesterolemia.[2] Exact aetiogenesis of hypertensive haemorrhage in multiple sites is unclear, but could be related to generally known causes of haemorrhage. The sustained hypertension during a cerebral hemorrhage could trigger another bleeding owing to acute vascular changes in the penetrating arteries, affecting previously injured intima and media layers.[3] The outcome of most of the reported patients with haemorrhage at multiple sites has been poor.[2]

The surgical treatment of these haematomas is determined by the location and size of the hematoma. Although the indication for surgery in cases with putaminal and thalamic haematomas remains controversial, most reviews have suggested an aggressive surgical approach in cases with cerebellar haemorrhage.[4],[5],[6],[7] Need for evacuation of the cerebellar clot in such a situation could be controversial.

 
  References Top

1.Weisberg L. Multiple spontaneous intracerebral hematomas: Clinical and computed tomographic correlations. Neurology 1981;3:897-900.   Back to cited text no. 1    
2.Yen CP, Lin CL, Kwan AL, Lieu AS, Hwang SL, Lin CN, et al. Simultaneous multiple hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhages. Acta Neurochir (Wein) 2005;147:393-9.  Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Maurino J, Saposnik G, Lepera S, Rey RC, Sica RE. Multiple simultaneous intracerebral hemorrhages: Clinical features and outcome. Arch Neurol 2001;58:629-32.  Back to cited text no. 3    
4.Shiomi N, Miyagi T, Koga S, Karukaya T, Tokutomi T, Shigemori M. Simultaneous multiple hypertensive intracerebral hematoma. No Shinekei Geka 2004;32:237-44.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Uno M, Hondo H, Matsumoto K. Simultaneous supra and infratentorial hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. No Shinekei Geka 1991;19:933-8.  Back to cited text no. 5    
6.Goel A. Hypertensive intracerebral hematoma. J Vivekananda Inst Med Sci 1994;17:24-8.   Back to cited text no. 6    
7.Goel A, Vengsarkar US, Nagpal RD, Kataria N. Spontaneous cerebellar hematoma. Neurol India 1989;37:461-7.  Back to cited text no. 7    


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