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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 789--791

Movement disorder: A manifestation of HIV and its response to therapy


1 Department of Neurology, P.D. Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, India
2 Department of Medicine, P.D. Hinduja Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Charulata S Sankhla
Department of Neurology, P.D. Hinduja National Hospital, Veer Savarkar Marg, Mahim - 400 016, Mumbai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.59480

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Both akinetic and hyperkinetic movement disorders may rarely be the presenting feature of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The possible pathogenic basis is the involvement of subcortical structures by the HIV infection-related pathology. Opportunistic infections, or mass lesions complicating HIV infection. In addition dopaminergic dysfunction and medications may also play a role. We report a HIV infected male who presented with progressive choreoathetoid movements and dystonia. He had remarkable improvement of the movement disorder with tetrabenazine and anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) treatment.






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