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BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 277-279

A comparative study evoking a sensory action potential from the medial and lateral plantar nerves using the probe and ring method of stimulation


Department of Biomedical and Clinical Technology, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa

Date of Acceptance02-Nov-2009
Date of Web Publication26-May-2010

Correspondence Address:
Wafaa S Rmaih
Department of Biomedical and Clinical Technology, Durban University of Technology, PO Box-1334, Durban 4000
South Africa
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.63768

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 » Abstract 

Nerve conduction studies (NCS) aid in the detection of foot nerve pathologies. However, there has been a debate on method of plantar nerves stimulation that is more effective; the ring method of stimulation or probe method of stimulation. This study aims at determining the one method that is more effective among the two methods of stimulating for eliciting proper responses. Thirty healthy adults, aged 19 to 55 years, free of any neurological disease were the subjects of the study. Values considered for determining the effectiveness of the stimulating technique were mean amplitudes of the evoked responses from medial and lateral plantar nerves. A significant increase in amplitude difference was noted in favor of the probe stimulation method. The amplitude difference noted in favor of the probe method of stimulation was double the values elicited by the ring method of stimulation in both the medial and lateral plantar nerves. Results suggest that the direct probe method of stimulation may be a more effective method of stimulating for the medial and lateral plantar nerves studies.


Keywords: Nerve conduction studies, probe method, ring method


How to cite this article:
Adam JK, Bechoo R, Rmaih WS. A comparative study evoking a sensory action potential from the medial and lateral plantar nerves using the probe and ring method of stimulation. Neurol India 2010;58:277-9

How to cite this URL:
Adam JK, Bechoo R, Rmaih WS. A comparative study evoking a sensory action potential from the medial and lateral plantar nerves using the probe and ring method of stimulation. Neurol India [serial online] 2010 [cited 2019 Apr 22];58:277-9. Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2010/58/2/277/63768



 » Introduction Top


Two different techniques of stimulation, probe and ring electrode, are used to study the medial and lateral plantar nerve condctions. However, it is not certain which of the methods is superior [Table 1]. [1],[2],[3] The aim of this study was to determine which of the two techniques would be a better techniques in stimulating the medial and lateral plantar nerves.


 » Materials and Methods Top


The study subjects included 30 (female 18, male 12) healthy volunteers with no neurological disorders aged between 19 to 55 years. A signed informed consent was obtained from all the participating subjects. The study has the approval of the Ethical Committee of the Durban University of Technology. There were no sources of funding nor, any conflict of interest related to this study. The study period was between January 2008 and August 2008.

Each participant had nerve conduction studies of both the medial and lateral plantar nerves by both the techniques, ring and probe method of stimulation. Nerve conduction studies were done using Nicolet Biomedical Viking IV machine. For measurement of various parameters supramaximal responses were considered.

The active electrode placement of the recording electrodes for both the medial and lateral plantar nerves was as shown in [Figure 1]. Stimulation using the ring electrode method for both the nerves was as shown in [Figure 2]a. [4] Stimulation using the probe method of stimulation was as shown in [Figure 2]b. [5] Paired T-test was used for statistical analysis.


 » Results Top


The mean amplitudes and difference in mean amplitude values of left and right medial plantar nerves, and, left and right lateral plantar nerves using both the ring and probe methods of stimulation are given in [Table 2]. The mean amplitudes elicited by probe method of stimulation were significantly more than the mean amplitudes elicited by ring electrode method of stimulation for both the nerves: medial plantar nerve 10 ± 8.8 vs. 3.6 ± 2.4 (P<0.001) and lateral plantar nerve 3.9 ± 2.5 vs. 1.4 ± 0.9 (P<0.001). With probe method of stimulation discernable responses with good amplitude were elicited with 29 (97%) medial plantar nerve and it was 27 (90%) with later plantar nerve.


 » Discussion Top


Our study clearly suggests that the probe method of stimulation of the medial and lateral plantar is a better technique than the ring method of stimulation. The amplitudes of the responses elicited by probe method of stimulation are significantly higher and the chance of obtaining a discernable response is also high. Similar low amplitude responses were elicited by ring electrode method of stimulation in the study by Guiloff et al. [6] However, in an another study using ring lectrodes the median planar nerve responses were of higher amplitudes. [3] This may probably be related to recording of the responses from the sole of the foot rather than from the ankle [Table 1]. Similar to our study for the medial and lateral plantar nerves using the probe stimulation technique higher amplitudes were recorded by the antidromic techniques in the study by Kim and colleagues. [2] While the studies that used orthodromic studies [1],[7] had recorded higher amplitudes than in our study .This may be due to the fact that the stimulation site was the sole of the foot as compared to the base of the great and small toe [Table 1].

From this study it can be concluded that the probe method of stimulation for both the medial and lateral plantar nerve conduction studies is a more effective method in terms of the amplitudes recorded. Greater amplitudes were constantly achieved when using the probe stimulation method over the ring stimulation method.

 
 » References Top

1.Iyer K, Kaplan E, Goodgold J. Sensory nerve potential of the medial and lateral plantar nerve. Am J Phys Med 1984;40:529-30.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Kim W, Kim HJ, Blumenthal FS, Joynt RL. Antidromic sensory nerve conduction of the medial and lateral plantar nerves in normal. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol 1993;33:289-94.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]    
3.Shoji H, Ken I. Simple and novel method to measure distal nerve conduction of the medial plantar nerve. Muscle Nerve 2007;36:307-17.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Delisa JA, Mackenzie K. Manuel of nerve conduction studies and somatosensory evoked potentials. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1987. p. 121-3.  Back to cited text no. 4      
5.Liveson JA, Dong MD. Laboratory reference for clinical neurophysiology. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis; 1992. p. 212-7.  Back to cited text no. 5      
6.Guiloff RJ, Sheratt RM. Orthodromic sensory nerve conductions of the medial and lateral plantar nerves. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1977;40:1168-81.  Back to cited text no. 6      
7.Ponsford SN. Sensory conduction in the medial and lateral plantar nerves. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1987;51:188-91.  Back to cited text no. 7      


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]

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Muscle & Nerve. 2016; 53(2): 209
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

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