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 BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 280--283

Endoscopic treatment of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst


1 Neurosurgery Unit, NSCB Medical College, Jabalpur, MP, India
2 Radio Diagnosis MP, MRI Centre, Jabalpur, MP, India

Correspondence Address:
Y R Yadav
105 Nehru Nagar, Opposite Medical College, Jabalpur, MP
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.63772

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Surgical options for suprasellar arachnoid cyst are cystoperitoneal shunt, craniotomy fenestration and endoscopic fenestration. Endoscopic management has been found to be safe and effective. We report our experience with endoscopic management in 12 (male five, female seven; age range 8 months to 42 years) patients with suprasellar arachnoid cyst. The endoscopic procedure included lateral ventricle puncture by precoronal burr hole and superior and inferior wall of the cyst was communicated with the lateral ventricle and the interpeduncular cistern respectively. All patients had hydrocephalus. Four pediatric patients had macrocephaly. All adult patients had visual disturbances. One adult patient presented with psychomotor disturbance along with features of raised intracranial pressure. All cases improved following endoscopic treatment. There were no complications or death. One patient required VP shunt. Postoperative MRI showed significant reduction in cyst volume in 11 patients. Follow-up ranged from 6 months to 6 and a half years. Our study suggests that endoscopic technique is a safe and effective alternative treatment for suprasellar arachnoid cyst. It prevents complications such as subdural effusion and intracranial hematoma, which are not uncommon with craniotomy fenestration.






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