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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 523--529

Abnormal expression of dopamine and serotonin transporters associated with the pathophysiologic mechanism of Tourette syndrome


1 Department of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine on Pediatrics, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China
2 Department of Neurology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430030, China

Correspondence Address:
Li Anyuan
324 Jing Five Wei Seven Road, Jinan, Shandong Province
China
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Source of Support: Chinese Medicine Administration Bureau of Shandong province (No: 2005064), Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.68663

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Background : Tourette syndrome (TS) is a neurobehavioral and neuropsychiatric disorder and its pathophysiology is not well understood. However, recent studies provide evidence implicating metabolic abnormalities of dopamine (DA) and serotonin (5-HT) of the basal ganglia both in TS patients and TS animal models. It is also well known that dopamine and serotonin transporters (DAT and SERT) are monoamine neurotransmitter transporters, which participate in the metabolism of DA and 5-HT, respectively. Objective : To evaluate whether expression of DAT and SERT in the striatum could lead to pathophysiological change in TS rat model. Materials and Methods : Twenty-four Wistar male rats were randomly allocated to: TS model group (n=12) and control group (n=12). The stereotypy counts were recorded during the 2-week period of inducing TS rat models. The levels of DA and 5-HT in striatum homogenate were measured by ELISA. The protein and mRNA expression of DAT and SERT in the striatum were tested respectively by Immunofluorescence, Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR. Results : ANOVA analysis indicated that the stereotypy scores were much higher in the TS model group than in the control group at different time points (P<0.01). By ELISA analysis, the DA concentration in striatum homogenate was higher in the TS model group (130.92 ± 25.60 ng/mL) than in the control group (101.00 ± 20.14 ng/mL) (P<0.01), but 5-HT concentration in striatum was found to be lower in the TS model group (59.79 ± 14.73 ng/mL) compared to the control group (77.01 ± 14.05 ng/mL) (P<0.05). Analysis of protein and mRNA levels revealed a lower expression of DAT, concomitant with a higher expression of SERT in striatum of the TS model group than in the control group. Conclusions : Lower expression in DAT, concomitant with higher expression in SERT could participate in the pathophysiology of TS.






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