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 TOPIC OF THE ISSUE: REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 555--557

Induced pluripotent stem cells and promises of neuroregenerative medicine


1 University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA
2 Weill Cornell Medical College at Cornell University, New York, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ashok Verma
Clinical Research Building, 1120 NW 14 Street, Suite 1317, Miami, FL 33136
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.84337

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First created in 2006 from adult somatic cells by a simple molecular genetic trick, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) system is the latest platform in stem cell research. Induced pluripotent stem cells are produced by nuclear reprogramming technology and they resemble embryonic stem cells (ES) in key elements; they possess the potentiality to differentiate into any type of cell in the body. More importantly, the iPS platform has distinct advantage over ES system in the sense that iPS-derived cells are autologous and therefore the iPS-derived transplantation does not require immunosuppressive therapy. In addition, iPS research obviates the political and ethical quandary associated with embryo destruction and ES research. This remarkable discovery of cellular plasticity has important medical implications. This brief review summarizes currently available stem cell platforms, with emphasis on cellular reprogramming and iPS technology and its application in disease modeling and cell replacement therapy in neurodegenerative diseases.






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Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow