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|NI FEATURE: CITADELS SCULPTING FUTURE - REVIEW ARTICLE
|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 414-418
Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow: The journey continues
Praveen Kumar Sharma, Ravindra Kumar Garg, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Rakesh Shukla, Rajesh Verma
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||5-Jun-2015|
Ravindra Kumar Garg
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
King George Medical University is one of the oldest and most prestigious medical universities of India. The Department of Neurology has trained many illustrious neurologists who are offering yeoman's service to the nation. This brief review traces the history and milestones of the department and its current areas of focus.
Keywords: Department of Neurology; history; King George′s Medical University; KGMC; medical education and training
|How to cite this article:|
Sharma PK, Garg RK, Malhotra HS, Shukla R, Verma R. Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow: The journey continues. Neurol India 2015;63:414-8
|How to cite this URL:|
Sharma PK, Garg RK, Malhotra HS, Shukla R, Verma R. Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow: The journey continues. Neurol India [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Sep 18];63:414-8. Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2015/63/3/414/158229
King George's medical University is an autonomous medical university, funded by the government of Uttar Pradesh [Figure 1]. Several medical institutions of Uttar Pradesh are also affiliated to this university. King George's medical university runs various courses encompassing basic and clinical sciences as well as paramedical and nursing subjects. The hospital is spread over a wide area comprising several independent buildings; it is one of largest hospitals in India. King George's medical university is currently headed by Professor Ravi Kant as Vice Chancellor, an able and efficient administrator. Recently, 9 new super-speciality departments have been sanctioned due to his efforts.
|Figure 1: The arial view of the administrative block of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh|
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| » Brief History of King George's Medical College|| |
King George's medical college was founded in 1905 as a medical school (the first medical institution started in the United Province of Awadh). At that time, in India, 4 other places (Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai and Lahore) had medical institutions.
King George's medical college is situated on the bank of the river Gomti. The original site, where this medical college is situated, is a place of great historical significance in the Indian history. On the ground where King George's medical college has been built, in the era of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, was a palace popularly known as the "Machhi Bhawan" (a palace with fishes on the gate). This palace was a centre for performing arts and entertainment, which subsequently became the property of the East India Company. The East India Company bought Machhi Bhawan to expand its work in India. This particular site played a central role during the 1857 freedom struggle and Machhi Bhawan was destroyed in the war. A medical school was started at this place in 1870 but it was closed in two years due to lack of funds. Subsequently, the Maharaja of Vijayanagram showed willingness to donate rupees 3 lacs for the purpose of constructing a building for this medical college, but the plans were never executed and only remained on paper. Ultimately, the foundation stone of the medical college was laid by the erstwhile Prince of Wales at the Gateway of India Bombay, on 26 th December 1905, commemorating his second visit to India. The foundation stone was then brought to Lucknow. With the generous financial support from the Raja of Jahangirabad, Sir Tassadiq Rasul Khan, the King of Ayodhya and many other noble persons of that time, the dream of creating a medical college in this region was fulfilled.
King George's medical college was initially affiliated to the University of Allahabad and the first batch of students was admitted in 1911. Later on, it became affiliated to the Lucknow University. In 2002, King George's medical college was made an autonomous full-fledged medical university, under the act of state assembly with its name changed to Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University. The name was subsequently changed back to King George's Medical University. 
| » History of the Department of Neurology|| |
The Department of Neurology was created in 1977 and has been rapidly growing since then. The present building of the Neurology Department is situated behind the main hospital building, and is popularly known as the Gandhi ward. Professor Nitya Nand Gupta (an illustrious name in the field of Medicine and Head of the Department of Medicine at that time) had special interest in Neurology and Psychiatry. These were the subjects that he used to teach himself to his students coming to the Department of Medicine. The Neurology services, in fact, were started in 1970, much before an independent department of Neurology was created. The beds assigned to Neurology units used to be stationed in the veranda of the Medicine ward. Due to the great efforts of Professor Nitya Nand Gupta, the Radiodiagnosis Department started performing procedures like the myelography, pneumoencephalography and direct puncture carotid angiography.
On the auspicious day of 26 August 1976, the foundation stone for a separate building was laid down by none other than Dr. Noshir Hormusjee Wadia [Figure 2],[Figure 3] and [Figure 4]. By March 1977, the first full-fledged Department of Neurology in the state of Uttar Pradesh came into existence. Dr Noshir Hormusjee Wadia in his inaugural address said "We cannot afford to be left behind. The world will not wait for us" [Figure 5]. His words have proved prophetic as this department is instrumental in serving the poor and deprived people of Uttar Pradesh. For many of them, this is the final destination for managing their neurological ailments.
|Figure 2: The foundation stone of the Department of Neurology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow|
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|Figure 3: This group photograph was taken at the time of inauguration of Department of Neurology King George's Medical University, Lucknow. Photograph shows Prof. Devika Nag and Prof. Alok Mohan Kar along with Prof. NH Wadia and Prof. NN Gupta (right corner sitting row)|
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|Figure 4: Prof. NH Wadia and Prof. NN Gupta taking round of the wards after the inauguration|
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Dr. Devika Nag was the first head of the Department of Neurology [Figure 6]. Under her leadership, the department grew steadily in all the fields of medicine, including patient care, teaching and research. Her sustained efforts led to the start of DM Neurology program in 1981. Professor Devika Nag headed the Department from 1977 to 1999. Subsequently, it was taken over by Professor Alok Mohan Kar who headed the Department until 2008. After his retirement, Professor Atul Agarwal took over as the Head for a very short period of one week and then opted for voluntary retirement. Since then the department has been growing successfully under the leadership of Professor Ravindra Kumar Garg. Professor Alok Mohan Kar was the first DM of this Department. Another senior faculty member, Professor Rakesh Shukla, made a name for himself in the field of headache. In 2002, the department organized the annual conference of the Indian Academy of Neurology. The conference was hugely successful. Every year, the department organizes the NN Gupta oration, commemorating the department's foundation day. A stalwart of Neurology from the country is facilitated on that day [Figure 7].
|Figure 6: Dr. Devika Nag, first Head of the Department, discussing X - rays with a senior resident|
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|Figure 7: Photograph was taken on the occasion of 2nd Prof. NN Gupta oration in 1990. The oration was delivered by Prof. JS Chopra|
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| » Composition of the Department|| |
Initially the department was located on two floors of which the first floor was used to house the administrative section, library and faculty offices; and, the ground floor was used for the wards and the electroencephalography laboratory. There was a tremendous pressure to increase the number of beds due to the increasing number of patients requiring admission, and therefore, the second floor was constructed in 2005 [Figure 8]. A new pediatric ward and a stroke unit were created, thus increasing the bed strength from 35 to 65. At the same time, a rehabilitation unit comprising of a physiotherapist and a speech therapist was created. The rehabilitation unit contains the necessary equipment for active rehabilitation of patients with disabilities due to neurological illnesses.
Currently, there are five faculty members and 22 residents (the latter registered in the DM Neurology Program) working tirelessly to provide neurological services to the people of Uttar Pradesh.
| » Patient Care|| |
This hospital provides quality health services to a population that mostly comprises of rural and poor people. This department caters to the needs of 100 million population of the east and central Uttar Pradesh. The east and central Uttar Pradesh is an endemic region for many infections afflicting the nervous system. In addition to providing patient care to people of the state of Uttar Pradesh, it also provides services to the neighbouring states like Bihar, and Uttarakhand and Nepal. The number of patients attending the outpatient clinic has been increasing every year and the outdoor clinics currently run 4 days a week. Last year, more than 60,000 patients attended the Neurology outdoor clinic [Figure 9]. Very recently, the Neurology outdoor clinic has been shifted to an ultra-modern state-of-the-art centrally air-conditioned building. This building has ample space for the comfort of the patients and their caregivers. The botulinum toxin clinic has been running twice a month for the last 7 years. The patients attending this clinic are registered in advance and given appointment to attend the clinic on any date in the third week of the month. The indoor unit consists of female and male patient wards on the ground floor, and a stroke unit and a pediatric ward on the first floor. The indoor admission rate is increasing every year. The department is equipped with the upgraded models of the EEG machines, NCV/EMG/EP machine, transcranial colour Doppler, and video EEG machine.
|Figure 9: Bar diagram shows the patient attendance in the department in the last 5 years|
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| » Research|| |
The Neurology department of King George's medical university is actively involved in research. This department has contributed in the area of central nervous system infections. Despite the heavy work load in maintaining clinical services, the number of publications have been increasing over the years. The publications include all types of articles ranging from original studies, case reports, case series, and reviews. In the last 2-3 years, there has been an emphasis on more and more original studies. Faculty members of this department have been able to publish their research work in high impact journals, for example, Neurology. In the last six years, the department has produced more than 170 publications, mainly in the field of tuberculous meningitis, neurocysticercosis, Japanese encephalitis, dengue viral infections, leprosy and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. Many publications in the area of tropical Neurology have been accepted in many high impact journals. Our interdepartmental collaborators like Professor Amita Jain (Department of Microbiology), Professor Neera Kohli (Department of Radiodiagnosis) and Professor Abbas Ali Mahdi (Department of Biochemistry) have provided invaluable research inputs into many of these articles.
Earlier, Professor Nag had worked in collaboration with Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow, to investigate the causes of unexplained outbreak of paraparesis and epilepsy, and could prove that these were associated with toxicity of heavy metals and pesticides. Her work led to the establishment of the first clinical toxicology unit of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in the Department of Neurology. Subsequently, she studied neurological manifestations of many toxins, including the neurotoxic effects of chemicals on the survivors of Bhopal gas tragedy. She has also written a monograph on biological neurotoxins in India. This endeavour had been supported by the Department of Environment and Forest, Government of India. ,
| » Teaching|| |
King George's medical university is always known for its undergraduate teaching. The department of Neurology is also involved in a regular undergraduate teaching program of the university. The DM (Neurology) teaching programme was started in 1981 and so far 93 students have successfully completed their Neurology training. The alumni of this department are working both in India and abroad as practicing neurologists as well as successful academicians. Dr. Sunil Pradhan, who is presently working as professor at Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences Lucknow, is an alumnus of this department. He was awarded the Padmashri in 2014 by the President of India.
| » Vision for Future|| |
In addition to providing world class patient care services to the needy and resource-constrained population of Uttar Pradesh, our effort will be to focus on finding solutions to problems that are indigenous to this part of the country. For example, Japanese encephalitis and tuberculous meningitis are the major killer diseases of our region and need our urgent attention. This year we plan to increase our DM seats from 4 to 7. We also plan many innovations in teaching and patient care; all these will be implemented in days to come.
| » Acknowledgement|| |
We greatly indebted to Mr. Arun Khanna for allowing us to use the excellent photograph of the administrative block of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
| » References|| |
King George′s medical university, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. History. Downloaded from on 12 April 2015.
Nag D. Clinical Neurotoxic Disorders: Past, Present and Future. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 2001; 4:3-9.
Pandya SK. Neurosciences in India: Retrospect and Prospect. Neurological Society of India and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research 1989.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6], [Figure 7], [Figure 8], [Figure 9]