| CASE REPORT
|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 105--107
Diagnostic dilemma—dengue or Japanese encephalitis?
Kalaimani Sivamani, Varun Dhir, Surjit Singh, Aman Sharma
Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
Dengue and Japanese encephalitis (JE) are arboviral diseases that are common in the tropical countries. JE virus is a classical neurotropic virus. The dengue virus, however, is usually not considered to be neurotropic, even though in recent years, reports of direct central nervous system involvement in dengue has been described. Here, we report a case wherein the patient had magnetic resonance imaging evidence of bilateral thalamic and brainstem involvement with positive serologies for both dengue and JE. We also discuss the diagnostic challenge in these cases.
Dr. Varun Dhir
Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh - 160 012
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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