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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1046--1052

Perfusion MR imaging of enhancing brain tumors: Comparison of arterial spin labeling technique with dynamic susceptibility contrast technique


1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Radiology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Neetu Soni
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow - 226 014, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/neuroindia.NI_871_16

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Objective: Arterial spin labeling (ASL) magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion is a noninvasive and repeatable method for quantitatively measuring cerebral blood flow (CBF). This study aims to compare measurements of ASL-derived CBF with dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI in the assessment of enhancing brain tumors (primary and metastatic), with an aim to use ASL as an alternative to DSC. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with newly diagnosed brain tumors (16 meningiomas, 6 gliomas, 3 metastases, 2 cerebellopontine angle schwannoma, 1 central neurocytoma, and 2 low-grade gliomas) were examined using a 3T MR scanner. Values of CBF, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), and regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) were determined in the tumor (T) as well as in the contralateral normal gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM). Tumor-to-GM or WM CBF, rCBF, and rCBV ratios were calculated to estimate normalized perfusion values (i.e., ASL normalized tumor blood flow [nTBF], DSC nTBF, and DSC normalized tumor blood volume [nTBV]) from the ASL and DSC techniques. ASL and DSC MRI derived perfusion parameters were compared using paired t-test and correlated using Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: Mean values for ASL nTBF and DSC nTBF using contralateral GM as the reference point were 2.98 ± 1.67and 2.91 ± 1.43, respectively. A very strong correlation coefficient was found between ASL nTBF and DSC nTBF with contralateral GM as the reference region (r = 0.903; R2= 0.813). Mean DSC nTBF and DSC nTBV also showed strong correlation (r = 0.83; R2= 0.701). Conclusion: Our study results suggested that measurement of CBF from ASL possesses the potential for a noninvasive assessment of blood flow in intracranial tumors as an alternate to DSC MRI, in those patients requiring multiple follow-up imaging and in patients with impaired renal functions.






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