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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 18--24

Comorbidities of epilepsy


1 Department of Neurology, Agadi Hospital and Sagar Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Neurology, K.E.M Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
H V Srinivas
Consultant Neurologist, Agadi Hospital and Sagar Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/neuroindia.NI_922_16

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In epilepsy management, control of seizures is the prime objective. However, the quality of life is affected by comorbid conditions that include the neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neurobehavioural disorders. These are not only reactive processes to a chronic condition but also have a bidirectional relationship, sharing common underlying pathogenesis. This article besides addressing these issues also explores the therapeutic management. A systematic search of PubMed from Jan 2006 to August 2016 was undertaken using the terms “comorbidities” and “epilepsy.” In addition, articles specifically from India and other original papers were selected based on relevance. In this review, the neuropsychiatric, neurobehavioral (mood disorders, behaviour issues, attention deficits, psychosis), and neurologic [cognitive impairment, migraine, SUDEP-Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP)] comorbidities are covered in relation to epilepsy and its treatment. The incidental disorders such as hypertension, diabetes, and cancer that are mentioned in some reports have not been addressed here. Comorbidities in epilepsy are common but poorly understood and often remain unaddressed. The prevalence of comorbid conditions is considerably higher in epilepsy than seen in the general population and other chronic conditions. There is a wide spectrum of secondary disorders that have a marked impact and significantly increase the burden of the primary epilepsy condition. There is a need to acknowledge, screen, and intervene early in newly diagnosed cases for the optimal management of epilepsy.






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