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Table of Contents    
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1210-1211

Primary lymphoma of the radial nerve presenting as a nerve sheath tumor

Department of Paediatrics, Al-Kindy College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Date of Web Publication18-Jul-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
P.O. Box 55302, Baghdad Post Office, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.237022

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How to cite this article:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Primary lymphoma of the radial nerve presenting as a nerve sheath tumor. Neurol India 2018;66:1210-1

How to cite this URL:
Al-Mendalawi MD. Primary lymphoma of the radial nerve presenting as a nerve sheath tumor. Neurol India [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Jun 2];66:1210-1. Available from:


I read with interest the report by Jayendrapalan et al., on primary lymphoma of the radial nerve in an Indian patient.[1] It is obvious that individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more susceptible to various types of tumors compared with immunocompetent individuals. The increased propensity of HIV-positive patients to have tumors has been attributed to different factors, including the presence of immunosuppression, coinfection with oncogenic viruses, and the prolongation of life expectancy secondary to the use of antiretroviral therapy.[2] To my knowledge, HIV epidemic is a hazardous health problem in India. The available data pointed out to a 0.26% rate of HIV seroprevalence compared with a global average of 0.2%.[3] I presume that the rare occurrence of primary lymphoma of the peripheral nerve should have alerted the authors to determine the HIV status in the studied patient through a diagnostic battery of blood investigations including the cluster of differentiation (CD) 4 count and viral overload measurements. If that diagnostic battery had been performed and it had shown an HIV infection, then the case in question could be have confidently been considered a novel report. This is because HIV-associated primary lymphoma of the peripheral nerve has never been reported in the literature so far.[4]

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  References Top

Jayendrapalan J, Ramesh VG, Karthikeyan KV, Devi S. Primary lymphoma of the radial nerve presenting as nerve sheath tumor. Neurol India 2018;66:258-60.  Back to cited text no. 1
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Valencia Ortega ME. Malignancies and infection due to the human immunodeficiency virus. Are these emerging diseases? Rev Clin Esp 2018;218:149-55.  Back to cited text no. 2
Paranjape RS, Challacombe SJ. HIV/AIDS in India: An overview of the Indian epidemic. Oral Dis 2016;22(Suppl 1):10-4.  Back to cited text no. 3
Sharma SR, Hussain M, Habung H. Neurological manifestations of HIV-AIDS at a tertiary care institute in North Eastern India. Neurol India 2017;65:64-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
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