| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 6 | Page : 1629--1633
Status epilepticus related to pregnancy: Devising a protocol for use in the intensive care unit
Keni Ravish Rajiv, Ramshekhar N Menon, Sajith Sukumaran, Ajith Cherian, Sanjeev V Thomas, Muralidharan Nair, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan
Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Background: Status epilepticus (SE) related to pregnancy is rare and carries a significant risk to both the mother and the fetus.
Objectives: We conducted this study to devise a protocol for the management of SE related to pregnancy in a cohort of female patients admitted with SE during pregnancy.
Materials and Methods: All women who developed SE related to pregnancy (gestation, labor, and puerperium) between January 2000 and December 2016 were included. Data was collected using a structured proforma.
Results: There were 17 women who had SE related to pregnancy, of whom 10 had refractory SE. The various causes of refractory SE were eclampsia (N = 2), posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) due to various causes other than eclampsia (N = 3), cortical venous thrombosis (CVT) [N = 3], subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) [N = 1], and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antibody-mediated encephalitis (N = 1). Six out of 10 women with refractory SE (60%) and five out of 10 fetuses (50%) had a good outcome.
Conclusion: There is a dearth of literature with regards to SE related to pregnancy and little or no guidelines exist for its management. Awareness about the diverse etiologies other than eclampsia is important. A protocol-based approach to the diagnosis and management of SE is necessary to ensure best outcomes.
Dr. Ashalatha Radhakrishnan
Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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