| NI FEATURE: NORMATIVE DATA - ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 229--234
Construction of Indian human brain atlas
Jayanthi Sivaswamy1, Alphin J Thottupattu1, Raghav Mehta2, R Sheelakumari3, Chandrasekharan Kesavadas3
1 Center for Visual Information Technology, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Center for Visual Information Technology, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), Hyderabad, Telangana; Probabilistic Vision Group, Centre for Intelligent Machines, Department of electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
3 Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
Context: A brain magnetic resonanace imaging (MRI) atlas plays an important role in many neuroimage analysis tasks as it provides an atlas with a standard coordinate system which is needed for spatial normalization of a brain MRI. Ideally, this atlas should be as near to the average brain of the population being studied as possible.
Aims: The aim of this study is to construct and validate the Indian brain MRI atlas of young Indian population and the corresponding structure probability maps.
Settings and Design: This was a population-specific atlas generation and validation process.
Materials and Methods: 100 young healthy adults (M/F = 50/50), aged 21–30 years, were recruited for the study. Three different 1.5-T scanners were used for image acquisition. The atlas and structure maps were created using nonrigid groupwise registration and label-transfer techniques.
Comparison and Validation: The generated atlas was compared against other atlases to study the population-specific trends.
Results: The atlas-based comparison indicated a signifi cant difference between the global size of Indian and Caucasian brains. This difference was noteworthy for all three global measures, namely, length, width, and height. Such a comparison with the Chinese and Korean brain templates indicate all 3 to be comparable in length but signifi cantly different (smaller) in terms of height and width.
Conclusions: The findings confirm that there is significant difference in brain morphology between Indian, Chinese, and Caucasian populations.
Dr. Jayanthi Sivaswamy
Center for Visual Information Technology, IIIT, Hyderabad, Telangana
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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