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|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 929-930
Persistent encephalopathy in a patient with numerous neurocysticerci
Ravindra K Garg, Sudhakar Pandey, Imran Rizvi, Ravi Uniyal, Hardeep S Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Date of Web Publication||23-Jul-2019|
Dr. Ravindra K Garg
Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow - 226 003, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Garg RK, Pandey S, Rizvi I, Uniyal R, Malhotra HS, Kumar N. Persistent encephalopathy in a patient with numerous neurocysticerci. Neurol India 2019;67:929-30
The history of this patient dates back to October 2016, when he had multiple episodes of generalized tonic clonic seizures and headache. The patient was admitted elsewhere in the state of altered sensorium. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed numerous cysticercal lesions [Figure 1]. The patient was treated with albendazole along with corticosteroids and antiepileptics. While the seizures stopped, consciousness of the patient improved; meaningful communication, however, was impaired. In May 2018, the patient presented to us with multiple episodes of seizures, headache, and encephalopathy. The patient was drowsy most of the time and had to be fed. Spontaneous speech and verbal communication were poor. He was incontinent. He was able to walk when aroused. Plantars were bilaterally extensor. MRI of the brain showed a significant reduction in the lesion load. In addition, diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement, similar to that evident in intracranial hypotension or subdural effusion, was noted [Figure 1]. The patient was treated with oral prednisolone and antiepieptic drugs. After 6 weeks, the patient was marginally better. The parents noticed that the patient was comparatively more responsive.
|Figure 1: The first four images (A-D in yellow). T2-weighted axial and sagittal (A and C), FLAIR (B), and gadolinium contrast (D) images show “too numerous to count” neurocysticerci. The next set of four images (A-D in white). T2-weighted axial and sagittal (A and C), FLAIR (B), and gadolinium contrast (D) images show a marked lesion reduction along with pachymeningeal enhancement (red arrows)|
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A subset of patients, usually children, with a heavy load of cerebral neurocysticercosis land into a devastating encephalopathy. Treatment with albendazole and praziquantel is considered hazardous in such patients. A series of 144 patients with rapidly progressive cognitive decline reported that approximately 43% of patients had neurocysticercosis. Precise reasons of occurrence of encephalopathy in patients with massive neurocysticercosis are not known; a genetic factor is likely.,,
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