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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1266--1273

Intracranial Meningeal Hemangiopericytomas: An Analysis of Factors Affecting Outcome in 39 Cases Managed with Multimodality Treatment


1 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Neuropathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amandeep Kumar
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.271251

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Aim: To retrospectively evaluate the outcome of patients with intracranial meningeal hemangiopericytomas (MHPCs) and to analyze various factors for recurrence and survival in these patients. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 39 patients undergoing microsurgical resection for MHPCs at our institute from 2009 to 2015. Results: Gross total excision (GTE) was achieved in 27 (69.2%) patients, whereas 12 (30.8%) underwent subtotal excision (STE). A total of 25 patients received radiotherapy (RT) (Conventional RT-15; GKT-10), 21 patients had a low grade tumor, while 18 had an anaplastic variant. Twenty patients (51.3%) developed recurrences and the average recurrence-free survival (RFS) was 56 months (range: 12–180 months). Eight patients (20.5%) died during the study period. The average overall survival (OS) was 77.2 months (range: 36–192 months). Two patients (5.1%) developed systemic metastases during follow-up. Patient age was not found to affect RFS or OS. GTE was associated with prolonged RFS and OS but the impact was not statistically significant (P-values = 0.160 and 0.414, respectively). Low tumor grade was associated with statistically significant longer RFS as well as OS (P-values = 0.049 and 0.013, respectively). Addition of adjuvant RT was associated with statistically significant prolongation of RFS (P value = 0.016); however, it was not associated with statistically significant OS benefits (P-value = 0.758). Conclusions: Our study suggests that a greater extent of excision, lower tumor grade, and addition of adjuvant RT have a positive impact on both RFS and OS; however, low grade and adjuvant RT were the only factors associated with statistically significant prolongation of RFS and only tumor grade was associated with statistically significant OS benefits.






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