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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 124--131

Surgical Intervention of Intracerebral Hematoma Caused by Ruptured Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysm in Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
2 College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohammed Maan AbdulAzeez
College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad
Iraq
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.279677

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Background: The incidence of intracerebral hematoma among patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is up to third of the cases (12%–35%). The presence of an aneurysm with ICH negatively influences the patient's presentation, course, and outcome, and may be associated with an increased re-hemorrhage rate, vasospasm, cerebral edema, and hydrocephalus. Aneurysm obliteration and hematoma evacuation have been associated with a favourable outcome. Aim of Study: To explore the effectiveness and the prognostic factors for patients with middle cerebral artery aneurysm associated with intracerebral hematoma treated by early surgical clipping of the aneurysm with hematoma evacuation. Patients and Method: We analysed 21 patients with intracerebral hematoma caused by ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm presented to the Neurosurgery teaching hospital from January 2017 to January 2019. Parameters included five broad categories: demographic, clinical, radiological, surgical, and outcome. Results: We found the following factors significantly related with unfavorable patient outcome: Preoperative cranial nerves deficit, dysphasia, severe contralateral weakness, presence of dilated ventricles in CT scan, presence of IVH in CT scan, aneurysm location in the dominant (left) hemisphere, high modified-Fisher grade, duration of surgery more than six hours, occurrence of intraoperative aneurysm rupture, poor postoperative GCS, occurrence postoperative vasospasm, more severe postoperative contralateral weakness, and the presence of postoperative seizure. While the good initial GCS and early surgery significantly related to favourable patient outcome. Conclusion: Early surgical intervention of intracerebral hematoma caused by ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm has a favourable outcome in general and should be supported with consideration of the significant prognostic factors for each patient before the commencement of the surgery.






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