| NI FEATURE: CENTS (CONCEPTS, ERGONOMICS, NUANCES, THERBLIGS, SHORTCOMINGS) - COMMENTARY
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 159--162
Contralateral Ventriculostomy for Intraoperative Brain Relaxation in Supratentorial Brain Tumors
Hitesh Kumar Gurjar, Shashwat Mishra, Kanwaljeet Garg
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
Background: CSF drainage from the ventricular system is a popular and effective technique for intraoperative brain relaxation as it reduces ICP, enlarges extra-axial operative corridors, and slackens the brain increasing its tolerance for surgical manipulation. However, sometimes when the ventricular chambers distant from the site of pathology are tapped, there is a risk of neurological worsening due to paradoxical herniation of the brain, exemplified by the phenomenon of upward transtentorial herniation observed in posterior fossa tumors, consequent to a supratentorial ventriculostomy. Expectation of an analogous phenomenon precludes contralateral ventricular drainage in supratentorial brain tumors producing midline shift, subfalcine herniation, and resultant distension of the opposite lateral ventricles.
Objective: Demonstrating the safety and efficacy of intraoperative contralateral ventricular drainage in the presence of sub-falcine herniation.
Methods: Clinical and imaging information were retrospectively collected for four cases in which this technique was adopted.
Results: The first case was a large clinoidal meningioma with a midline shift and contralateral ventriculomegaly. EVD from the dilated ventricle provided optimum brain conditions for safe resection of the tumor through an orbitopterional approach. The second case required a contralateral EVD to reduce ICP intraoperatively, for a recurrent anaplastic ependymoma with severe mass effect. It reduced the venous hypertension related to raised ICP minimizing the blood loss. Contralateral EVD was utilized to enlarge the working corridor for interhemispheric approach in two cases.
Conclusion: Contralateral ventricular drainage is a safe, effective, and convenient operative step for reducing brain turgor in the presence of sub-falcine herniation produced by large supratentorial tumors.
Dr. Shashwat Mishra
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, 601, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar New Delhi
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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