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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 86--91

Spinocerebellar Ataxias in India: Three‑year Molecular Data from a Central Reference Laboratory


Research and Development, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bibhu R Das
SRL Ltd, Prime Square Building, Plot No 1, S. V. Road, Goregaon (W), Mumbai - 400 062, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.279666

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Introduction: There is a great deal of heterogeneity, both phenotypically and genotypically among the autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCA). Their prevalence also varies in different populations. Trinucleotide repeat expansions (CTG/CAG) have been shown predominantly to cause a number of ADCAs. Aim: The present study describes the frequency of spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) and the CAG repeat sizes among the different regions of India. Settings and Design: Molecular data from our central reference laboratory were retrospectively analyzed for SCAs 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 12, 17 and DRPLA. Correlation between age at diagnosis and the CAG repeats of the expanded and the normal alleles were tested with the Spearman correlation test. Results: The presence of SCAs vary according to geographical regions and ethnicities; SCA 12 was detected with the highest frequency (229/901), but was restricted to a specific ethnic population, followed by SCA 2 with a positivity of 12% (101/845). SCA 3 previously known as Machado-Joseph Disease had a prevalence of 4.05% (32/789), whereas SCA 1 was diagnosed in 30/773 (3.88%). No positivity was seen for SCA 10 from the 103 samples tested and for SCA 17 from the 131 samples tested either as a part of an extended panel or stand-alone. Conclusion: In this report, we are able to expand the portrait of SCAs in India by presenting the largest ever molecular data from a central reference laboratory.






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