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Editorial Process  | Types of Manuscripts... | Authorship criteria | Printing charges for photo... | Sending manuscript to... | Preparation of the ... | Title | Abstract Page | Introduction | Methods | Results | »  Discussion | »  Acknowledgements | Reference | Table | Illustrations (Figures) | Protection of patients'.... | Electronic version | Sending revised manu... | Reprints | Copyright | Checklist | | Contributors’ form

Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with “Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal” developed by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2001). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Neurology India are summarised below. Articles can be submitted online from

# The Editorial Process   Top
  1. The manuscripts will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that they are being submitted to one journal at a time and have not been published, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere.
  2. The Editors review all submitted manuscripts initially. Manuscripts with insufficient originality, serious scientific flaws, or absence of importance of message are rejected. 
  3. The manuscript will also be screened initially for compliance with the "Instructions to Authors" E.g Abstract word length, total words count of manuscript, check for Plagiarism, Reference pattern. If the manuscript is not up to the technical content, it may be sent back to the Author for technical modification.
  4. Once the above processes are complete, the manuscript will be sent to two or more expert reviewers without revealing the identity of the contributors to the reviewers. Within a period of eight to ten weeks, the contributors will be informed about the reviewers’ comments and acceptance/rejection of manuscript. Articles accepted would be copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format. 
# Types of Manuscripts and word limits    Top
  1. Original articles: Randomised controlled trials, intervention studied, studies of screening and diagnostic test, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with high response rate. Up to 2500 words excluding references and abstract. 
  2. Review articles: Systemic critical assessments of literature and data sources. Up to 3000 words excluding references and abstract. 
  3. Case reports: new/interesting/very rare cases can be reported. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority, whereas, mere reporting of a rare case may not be considered. Up to 1000 words excluding references and abstract and up to 10 references. 
  4. Brief Report: Up to 1500 words excluding references and abstract and references should not be more than 15.
  5. Short reports: new/interesting/very rare cases with clinical significance. Up to 600 words excluding references and abstract and up to 5 references.
  6. Letter to the Editor: Should be short, decisive observation. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. Up to 400 words and 4 references. 
  7. Neuro Image: Classical clinical/radiological/pathological image Up to 250 words and 4 references. 


# Authorship criteria   Top
  1. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions: 1) From conception and design or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met. Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
  2. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. 
  3. If the corresponding Author is not the same as the first Author, then the corresponding author should be preferrably the senior author
  4. For a study carried out in a single institute the number of contributors should not exceed nine. For a case-report and for a review article the number of contributors should not exceed four. For images and Letter to the Editor the number of contributors should not be more than three. A justification should be included, if the number of contributors exceed these limits. 
# Printing charges for photographs/figures   Top

For the printed issues the journal charge a fee as follows

  1. Black and white images
    1. up to six no fee
    2. for more than six: Rs. 1000 (for authors from India) or USD 50 (for authors from outside India) for a set four additional images
  2. Color images
    1. Rs. 2000 (for authors from India) or USD 100 (for authors from outside India) for a set four additional images


# Sending the Manuscript to the Journal   Top

All the manuscripts for the journal are to be submitted by Online mode only through teh journal website. There is no provision anymore for postal or hard copy submission

# Preparation of the Manuscript    Top
  1. The manuscript should be prepared on Word Document (Microsoft Word).
  2. It should be typed in doubled space with adequate space on both right and left side (about 1/2").
  3. It should be left aligned. Avoid justified.
  4. Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page.
  5. Every line should be consecutively number to allow the Reviewer to have easy access for suggesting and checking corrections.
  6. The language should be American English. 
# Title Page: The Title page should carry    


  1. Type of manuscript (Original/Review/Case report)
  2. The title of the article, which should be concise, but informative: Title should be Bold and the first letter of every word should be in Upper Case (Capitalized)
  3. Running title or short title not more than 50 characters
  4. The name by which each contributor is known (Last name, First name and initials of middle name), with his or her highest academic degree(s) and institutional affiliation
  5. The name of the department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed
  6. The name, address, phone numbers, facsimile numbers and e-mail address of the contributor responsible for correspondence about the manuscript 
  7. The total number of pages, total number of photographs and word counts separately for abstract and for the text (excluding the references and abstract). 
  8. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, etc. should be mentioned
  9. If the manuscript was presented as part at a meeting, the organisation, place, and exact date on which it was read. 
# Abstract Page   Top
  1. The abstract page should carry the full title of the manuscript and an abstract (of no more than 150 words for case reports, brief reports and 250 words for original articles).
  2. The abstract should be structured and state the following : Background, Objective, Methods and Material, Results and Conclusions.
  3. Below the abstract there should be provided 3 to 10 relevant key words and a key message.
# Introduction   Top
  1. State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. 
# Methods   Top
  1. Describe the selection of the observational or experimental subjects (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly. Identify the age, sex, and other important characteristics of the subjects. Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods; provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. 
  2. Reports of randomised clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomisation, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT statement (Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman DG: The CONSORT Statement: Revised Recommendations for Improving the Quality of Reports of Parallel-Group Randomized Trials. Ann Intern Med. 2001;134:657-662, also available at 
  3. When reporting studies on human, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (available at Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. 
  4. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Report losses to observation (such as dropouts from a clinical trial). Put a general description of methods in the Methods section. When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyse them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as ‘random’ (which implies a randomising device), ‘normal’, ‘significant’, ‘correlations’, and ‘sample’. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Use upper italics (P = 0.046). 
# Results   Top
  1. Present the results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all the data in the tables or illustrations; emphasise or summarise only important observations. 
# Discussion & Conclusions   Top
  1. Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations, including implications for future research. Relate the observations to other relevant studies. 
  2. In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. 
# Acknowledgements   Top

As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify 1) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair; 2) acknowledgments of technical help; and 3) acknowledgments of financial and material support, which should specify the nature of the support. This should be the last page of the manuscript. 

# References   Top
  1. References should appear in the text consecutively in order of appearance as superscripts as Arabic numerals
  2. The total number of references in the text in case of Review Articles/Original Articles/ Case Report should not be more than 90/50/10 respectively.
  3. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript in the square brackets.
  4. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.
  5. Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the NLM in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus.
  6. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Contributors should obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. The commonly cited types of references are shown here, for other types of references such as electronic media, newspaper items, etc. please refer
  7. Standard journal article example: Tandon PN, Bhatia R, Banerji AK. Vestibulo-ocular reflex and brain stem lesions. A clinic-pathological study. Neurol India. 1973; 21(4): 193-9. List the first six authors followed by et al. 
  8. Textbook: Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd ed. Albany (NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996. 
  9. Chapter in a book: Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, editors. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. 2nd ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. pp. 465-78. 

Download a PowerPoint presentation on common reference styles and using the reference checking facility on the manuscript submission site.
# Tables   Top
  1. Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material. 
  2. The number of tables for (Original/Review) articles and Case Report should not be more than four and one respectively.
  3. Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable. 
  4. Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. 
  5. Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. 
  6. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations used in table. 
  7. Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote. 
  8. For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, , **, ††, ‡‡ 
# Illustrations (Figures)   Top
  1. The journal currently accepts only online uploaded digital images
  2. The total number of figures for (Original/Review) articles and case reports should not be more than six and four respectively.
  3. Images of MRI or CT scan should be taken from a high resolution camera and should be adequately cropped to allow patient confidentiality. 
  4. If clinical images of patients are being photographed, adequate confidentiality should be maintained e.g. covering eyes. The author will provide a full confidentiality statement to the journal before accepting patient images.
  5. The images submitted should be either in JPEG or TIFF format
  6. JPEG images should be of maximal resolution and minimal compression (300 DPI for images and 1200 DPI for line or schematic diagram)
  7. TIFF images are more preferable and should be created on Adobe Photoshop and should be saved without layers in CMYK format (300 DPI for images and 1200 DPI for line or schematic diagram)
  8. Black and White images should created only on grey scale images
  9. If the figure is to be labelled it should be done as "Fig 2A" i.e. the figure should be abbreviated as Fig followed by Arabic numeral and sequence of image in Upper Case
  10. Figure legends: The figure legends should be for a maximum of 100 words. The figure should be clearly explained to avoid full repeat explanation in the text. 


# Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy   Top

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained informed consent from the patients. The journal abides by ICMJE guidelines:

1)     Authors, not the journals nor the publisher, need to obtain the patient consent form before the publication and have the form properly archived. The consent forms are not to be uploaded with the cover letter or sent through email to editorial or publisher offices.

2)     If the manuscript contains patient images that preclude anonymity, or a description that has obvious indication to the identity of the patient, a statement about obtaining informed patient consent should be indicated in the manuscript.

# Sending a revised manuscript   Top
  1. If revisions are suggested by the External reviewers or by the Editor, the same will be communicated to the Authors by an email. All revisions are currently performed only online, through the journal website.
  2. While performing revisions, the author should upload 2 files: Revised manuscript file and a file containing Reply to Comments by Reviewers.
  3. Revised manuscript: The revised manuscript should have all the suggested changes as advised by the reviewer. All the changes should be highlighted in Yellow. 
  4. The revised manuscript should not have the track change option of word document. Every line should be numbered consecutively by (using this option; View: print layout: line numbers) in word document. This allows the reviewer to easily check the correction done by the author
  5. The Reply to Comments file should a point wise response to the comments raised by the Editor. It should contain a table with 3 columns. The first column should have the comments raised by the reviewer. The second column should have the author's response to the comment. The third column should have information as to where this change or modification is reflected in the manuscript e.g. line 24, page 3 etc. 
  6. While submitting the revised manuscript, the author should take utmost precautions to ensure that there are no mistakes in grammar, syntax and language. The author should again carefully go through the manuscript to ensure that there are no flaws or mistakes.
# Reprints   Top

 Journal does not provide any free printed reprints. Reprints can be purchased at the time of submitting the proofs. 

# Copyrights   Top

The whole of the literary matter in the copyright of the Editorial Board.  The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide,  perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work (either in pre-print or post-print format) publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in  any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also grants the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 Unported License. 

# Check list   Top

To be tick marked and one copy attached with the manuscript 

Covering letter 

  1. Signed by all contributors 
  2. Previous publication / presentations mentioned 
  3. Source of funding mentioned 
  4. Conflicts of interest disclosed 


  1. Middle name initials provided 
  2. Author for correspondence, with e-mail address provided 
  3. Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions 
  4. Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute in material and methods, citing previous study as ‘our study’, names on figure labels, name of institute in photographs, etc.) 

Presentation and format 

  1. Font style of the text should be Times New Roman with size as 12 pt.
  2. Font size for titles should be in 14 pt with the title cases in bold.
  3. Double spacing 
  4. Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides 
  5. Title page contains all the desired information (vide supra) 
  6. Running title provided (not more than 50 characters) 
  7. Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript 
  8. Abstract provided (not more than 150 words for case reports and 250 words for original articles) 
  9. Structured abstract provided for an original article 
  10. Key words provided (three or more) 
  11. Introduction of 75-100 words 
  12. Headings in title case (not ALL CAPITALS, not underlined) 
  13. References cited in superscript in the text with square brackets 
  14. References according to the journal’s instructions. 

Language and grammar 

  1. Uniformly American English 
  2. Abbreviations spelt out in full for the first time 
  3. Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out 
  4. Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out 

Tables and figures 

  1. Number within specified limits. 
  2. No repetition of data in tables/graphs and in text 
  3. Actual numbers from which graphs drawn, provided 
  4. Figures necessary and of good quality as specified above (colour) 
  5. Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman) 
  6. Figure legends provided (not more than 100 words) 
  7. Patients’ privacy maintained (if not, written permission enclosed) 
  8. Credit note for borrowed figures/tables provided 
# Contributors’ form   Top


Click here to download instructions

Click here to download copyright form


These ready to use templates are made to help the contributors write as per the requirements of the Journal.

Save the templates on your computer and use them with a word processor program. 
Click open the file and save as the manuscript file.

In the program keep 'Document Map' and 'Comments' on from 'View' menu to navigate through the file. 

Download Template for Original Articles/ABSTRACT Reports. (.DOT file)

Download Template for Case Reports.  (.DOT file)

Download Template for Review Articles.  (.DOT file)

Download Template for Letter to the Editor.  (.DOT file)



Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow