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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 236--247

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Eppie M Yiu1, Andrew J Kornberg2 
1 Children's Neuroscience Centre, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Australia
2 Children's Neuroscience Centre, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne; Murdoch Children's Research Institute; Department of Pediatrics University of Melbourne, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Andrew J Kornberg
Children«SQ»s Neuroscience Centre, Royal Children«SQ»s Hospital Melbourne, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria, 3052
Australia

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked disorder, is the most common muscular dystrophy in children, presenting in early childhood and characterized by proximal muscle weakness and calf hypertrophy in affected boys. Patients usually become wheelchair-bound by the age of 12 years, and die of cardiorespiratory complications in their late teens to early twenties. Advances in the management of DMD, including treatment with corticosteroids and the use of intermittent positive pressure ventilation have provided improvements in function, ambulation, quality of life and life expectancy, although novel therapies still aim to provide a cure for this devastating disorder. The clinical features, investigations, and management of DMD are reviewed, as well as the latest in some of the novel therapies.


How to cite this article:
Yiu EM, Kornberg AJ. Duchenne muscular dystrophy.Neurol India 2008;56:236-247


How to cite this URL:
Yiu EM, Kornberg AJ. Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Neurol India [serial online] 2008 [cited 2019 Oct 20 ];56:236-247
Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/article.asp?issn=0028-3886;year=2008;volume=56;issue=3;spage=236;epage=247;aulast=Yiu;type=0