Neurol India Home 
 

NEUROIMAGE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 63  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 634--635

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a skull-vault defect

Abdulkhader Shehna1, Paul V Puthussery2, Sivaramakrishnan Ramesh3, Firosh Khan4,  
1 Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, Thrissur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Jubilee Mission Medical College Hospital, Thrissur, Kerala, India
4 Department of Neurology, Mother Hospital, Thrissur, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Firosh Khan
Department of Neurology, Mother Hospital, Thrissur - 680 012, Kerala
India




How to cite this article:
Shehna A, Puthussery PV, Ramesh S, Khan F. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a skull-vault defect.Neurol India 2015;63:634-635


How to cite this URL:
Shehna A, Puthussery PV, Ramesh S, Khan F. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor arising in a skull-vault defect. Neurol India [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Oct 18 ];63:634-635
Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2015/63/4/634/162123


Full Text

An 18-year-old male with a congenital bony defect of the right parietal region (possibly due to an enlarged parietal foramina) [1] presented with swelling of the same region for 6 months [Figure 1]a. Examination revealed an 8 cm × 8 cm soft nontender swelling without any neurological deficits. Computed tomography [Figure 1]b-d and magnetic resonance imaging [Figure 1]e-i scans of the brain showed a soft tissue density lesion containing enhancing and cystic areas and foci of hemorrhage. The standard metastatic workup was negative. The tumor, which was seen between the dura and scalp, was dissected out through a right temporoparietal craniotomy. Macroscopic examination showed a gray-brown friable tumor with blackish areas and no dural invasion. Microscopic examination [Figure 1]j and k showed plump spindle cells with oval nuclei and interspersed abundant vascular channels. The tumor cells showed an indistinct eosinophilic cytoplasm and pleomorphic hyperchromatic nuclei. Many bizarre cells and multinucleate giant cells were seen. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) revealed a strong vimentin and S100 positivity, CD34 patchy positivity and smooth muscle actin (SMA), desmin, cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), HMB45, and CD31 negativity [Figure 1]l and m.{Figure 1}

The histopathological examination (HPE) was suggestive of a malignant spindle cell mesenchymal tumor. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) was considered in view of S100 positivity along with arrangement of spindle cells in sheets. [2] CD34 patchy positivity and EMA negativity are not against the diagnosis; and, vimentin positivity may be nonspecific and may not negate the diagnosis. [3] A similar histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry (IHC) is possible with a malignant melanoma also. [4] However, HMB45 was negative, thus excluding this diagnosis. Anaplastic meningioma with sarcomatous change can have a lobulated radiological appearance, spindle cell histopathological pattern and vimentin positivity in IHC. [5] However, the intact dura along with EMA and cytokeratin negativity are pointers against this diagnosis. EMA is supposed to be a very sensitive marker for a meningioma. [6] A mesenchymal chondrosarcoma was also considered, but thought to be less likely since there were no well differentiated cartilagenous areas and the tumor cells were positive for S100.

MPNST usually arise from skull-base; one arising in skull-vault is being reported for the first time. Our case is unique since the tumor developed at the region of a congenital bony defect. The role of this altered anatomy in triggering the tumor development needs to be debated.

 Acknowledgment



We would like to acknowledge the help of Dr. Lekha K. Nair MD, Department of Pathology, Amala Medical College Thrissur, Kerala, India.

References

1Lodge T. Developmental defects in the cranial vault. Br J Radiol 1975;48:421-34.
2Guo A, Liu A, Wei L, Song X. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors: Differentiation patterns and immunohistochemical features - A mini-review and our new findings. J Cancer 2012;3:303-9.
3Bahrami A, Truong LD, Ro JY. Undifferentiated tumor: True identity by immunohistochemistry. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2008;132:326-48.
4Ohsie SJ, Sarantopoulos GP, Cochran AJ, Binder SW. Immunohistochemical characteristics of melanoma. J Cutan Pathol 2008;35:433-44.
5Guner M, Kirisoglu U, Ucar E, Mertol T, Yorukoglu K. Childhood malignant meningioma. Turk Neurosurg 1996;6:79-82.
6Schnitt SJ, Vogel H. Meningiomas. Diagnostic value of immunoperoxidase staining for epithelial membrane antigen. Am J Surg Pathol 1986;10:640-9.