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NEUROIMAGES
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 67  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 615--616

Imaging in diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor

Raj Ghoniya, Amol Raheja 
 Department of Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amol Raheja
Department of Neurosurgery, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India




How to cite this article:
Ghoniya R, Raheja A. Imaging in diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor.Neurol India 2019;67:615-616


How to cite this URL:
Ghoniya R, Raheja A. Imaging in diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor. Neurol India [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 20 ];67:615-616
Available from: http://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2019/67/2/615/258051


Full Text



Diffuse leptomeningeal glioneuronal tumor (DLGNT) was first described as a new entity in 2010;[1] recently, it has been included in the World Health Organization classification of brain tumors, in the 2016 revision.[2] It has been primarily described in the pediatric population.[1],[3],[4] We report imaging findings of this rare condition in a 36-year old female patient, who presented with symptomatic hydrocephalus and a single episode of generalized tonic clonic seizures for which she required a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. She later developed bilateral cerebellar signs and spastic paraparesis with early bladder and bowel involvement, a surrogate clinical presentation for an intramedullary pathology. Imaging of this patient serves as an interesting outlook into this rare entity. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain and spine demonstrated multiple T1 hypointense, T2 hyperintense, fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hypointense, nonenhancing subpial cystic lesions along the cerebellar folia and spinal cord [Figure 1] and [Figure 2], giving a presumptive diagnosis of DLGNT based on its classical radiological signs. The largest lesion can be seen in the subpial location of D9–D10 spinal cord without any leptomeningeal enhancement [Figure 1] and [Figure 2]. The unique aspects of this DLGNT case include an adult-onset presentation, hydrocephalus with seizure as the primary presenting complaint, and lack of leptomeningeal contrast enhancement.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

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Conflicts of interest

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References

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2Louis DN, Perry A, Reifenberger G, von Deimling A, Figarella-Branger D, Cavenee WK, et al. The 2016 World Health Organization classification of tumors of the central nervous system: A summary. Acta Neuropathol 2016;131:803-20.
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