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  Access statistics : Table of Contents
   1997| April-June  | Volume 45 | Issue 2  
 
 
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Cortical sensory loss : is it always cortical?
UK Misra, J Kalita, BR Mittal, BK Das
April-June 1997, 45(2):101-104
PMID:29512582
A 38 year male suffering from cardioembolic stroke developed acute left hemiplegia and cortical sensory loss, which included graphanesthesia, impairment of two point discrimination and tactile inattention. CT scan revealed haemorrhagic infarction inright corona radiata and anterior limb of internal capsule. On day 13, cortical SEPS were absent and there was bifrontal and left parietal hypoperfusion on SPECT studies. Both the sensory loss, and SEP improved on day 28, which correlated with improvement in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The cortical sensory loss, therefore, can also occur in subcortical lesion and may be due to cerebral diaschisis.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  7,425 0 -
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy (MNGIE) in a South Indian family with two affected siblings.
B SantoshkuJan-Mar, KT Shenoy, K Radhakrishnan, VV Radhakrishnan
April-June 1997, 45(2):87-90
PMID:29512578
We report a South Indian family in which two living members were affected by a progressive neurogasrointestinal disorder characterized by dysmotility. Evidence for mitochondrial dysfunction was provided by increased arterial blood lactate, and ragged red fibres in muscle biopsy. Our report is believed to be the first description of the autosomal recessively inherited multisystem mitochondrial disease, mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy (MNGIE), from India.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,808 0 1
Claudicatory penile erection in lumbar canal stenosis with prolapsed disc : a case report of 2 cases.
AK Purohit, BSV Raju, JJM Reddy, I Dinakar
April-June 1997, 45(2):105-107
PMID:29512583
Two adult male patients having lumbar canal stenosis with prolapsed disc, developed claudicatory priapism along with classical symptoms of claudication, are reported in this article. The first patient complained of severe claudicatory pain in anal canal along with other symptoms. The second patient had a protruded bony rim at the lower margin of L4 vertebra in addition to the prolapsed disc. All the symptoms totally subsided after relieving the compression.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,760 0 -
Ventral screw fixation of odontoid fracture, using single fluoroscope.
JKBC Parthiban, Rao AN Subba, SB Pai, TK Manoj, PA Paul, ANS Rao
April-June 1997, 45(2):91-94
PMID:29512579
This paper is a detailed description of an improvised operative technique used by us, for ventral screw fixation in a case of type II odontoid fracture.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,701 0 -
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy : clinical, electrophysiological and morphological study.
A Vasanth, N Mullatti, SK Shankar, AB Taly, Kumar M Veerendra, Vasanth Anisya, Mullatti Nandini, Kumar MV
April-June 1997, 45(2):74-80
PMID:29512576
Twelve patients (M:F 9:3) who fulfilled diagnostic criteria of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) were seen at NIMHANS over a period of three years (1987-1990). Their ages ranged from 20 yrs to 71 yrs and the mean duration of symptoms was 30 months (range 3 months to 6 yrs). Symptoms at the onset were dependent on the duration of disease. These included paraesthesia (7), weakness (4) and ataxia in lower limbs (1). Salient features on examintion were: distal weakness (10), proximal weakness (6), impaired touch and pain (12), impaired joint position and vibration sense (6), distal areflexia (12), bilateral impaired hearing (2) and thickened nerves (4). Electrophysiological evidence of demyelination was present in all and albumino cytological dissociation in CSF was noted in 55 of the patients. Sural nerve biopsy revealed significant loss of myelinated fibres in all the five patients studied. Increase in endo and perineural collagen, remyelination and schwann cell proliferation were also seen. Inflammatory infiltrates were conspicuously absent. Steroids were given in 10 patients. The therapeutic response was good in 5 and moderate in 5. Two patients had remitting relapsing course. Response to steroids could not be predicted on the basis of clinical or laboratory features. The recent diagnostic criteria and their therapeutic relevance are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,558 0 -
Neuromuscular disorders in infancy and childhood.
A Vasanth, M Gourie-Devi, S Das, Gayathri, Mohan Y Ram, Vasath Anisya
April-June 1997, 45(2):63-68
PMID:29512574
Thirty five floppy children seen during two year period, were subjected to clinical examination, electroneuromyography and muscle biopsy. The muscle biopsy was sent for routine histology, histochemistry and electron microscopy. Using muscle pathology as the 'gold standard' for diagnosis, the aetiological entities were spinal muscular atrophy (16), congenital muscular dystrophy (6), mitochondrial myopathy (3), congenital fibre type disproportion (2), acid mutase deficiency (1) and benign congenital hypotonia (6). Mental subnormality, seizures, ptosis and ophthalmoplegia suggested mitochondrial disease (n=2). Macroglossia, hepatomegaly and cardiomegaly along with the dive bomber effect on electromyography were useful clues to the diagnosis of Pompe's disease (n=1). Positive decremental test established the diagnosis of congenital myasthenia in one patient. Contrary to most previously published reports, infantile onset of spinal muscular atrophy did not always spell a poor prognosis on follow up. 'Floppy infant syndrome' has varied etiology. Comprehensive evaluation including clinical, electrophysiological and detailed histological examination is necessary for proper diagnosis and prognosis of this heterogenous entity.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,503 0 -
High cervical intraspinal enterogenous cyst.
U Bannur, V Rajshekhar, MJ Chandy
April-June 1997, 45(2):98-100
PMID:29512581
A case of histologically verified ventro-laterally placed enterogenous cyst in the upper cervical region is reported.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,312 0 3
Peripheral neuropathy in tetanus : a clinical, neuroelectrophysiological and histological evaluation.
S Prabhakar, G Singh, JS Chopra, VK Grover
April-June 1997, 45(2):81-86
PMID:29512577
Nineteen patients (14 males and 5 females), who had tetanus were evaluated for polyneuropathy by clinical examination, neuroelectromyography and sural nerve biopsy. Three patients (16) had clinically evident distal symmetrical polyneuropathy. Therewas a significant prolongation of mean median motor distal latency (p<0.02) peroneal motor distal latency (p<0.001) and reduction of sural sensory nerve action potentials (p<0.001) in these patients in comparison to controls. Electromyographic sampling of tibialis anterior muscle revealed wide variation in motor unit action potential duration and amplitude. Denervation phenomena including fibrilations and positive sharp waves were present in 4 patients (21) and complex repetitive discharges were present in 9 patients (47.4). Sural nerve histology was performed in 9 patients. It revealed mild to moderate loss of myelinated fibres in 4 cases (44.4). There is evidence that in tetanus there is a distal predominantly sensory polyneuropathy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,282 0 1
Spontaneous resolution of chronic subdural haematoma secondary to chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura.
SK Gupta, VK Khosla, SC Verma
April-June 1997, 45(2):95-97
PMID:29512580
Chronic subdural haematoma (SDH) complicating chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), in an adult is extremely rare. There are only four such case reports available in the literature and all these patients had surgical evacuation of the haematoma. We report an elderly female with chronic ITP presenting with a chronic SDH which resolved spontaneously. This is possibly the first report of its kind in the world literature. The possible pathogenesis is discussed and pertinent literature reviewed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,202 0 4
Bilateral basal ganglia germinoma in an Indian boy.
DS Chandra, G Chacko, V Rajshekhar, MJ Chandy, Chandra D Sriram, Chacko Geetha
April-June 1997, 45(2):108-109
PMID:29512584
Germ cell tumours are rare intracranial tumours. The basal ganglionic location of these tumours comprise a rare group. Bilateral involvement of the basal ganglia by germ cell tumours is distinctly rare and have only been reported in Japanese patients. We present the first report of bilateral basal ganglionic germ cell tumour in a non-Japanese patient.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,199 0 1
Efficacy of bupivacaine infiltration in preventing haemodynamic changes during craniotomy.
PB Rao, S Sharma, P Chari, VK Grover, A Pathak
April-June 1997, 45(2):69-73
PMID:29512575
This study was carried out in sixty adult patients of either sex, to assess the efficacy of bupivacaine infiltration in different concentrations to prevent haemodynamic responses during craniotomy. The patients were randomly divided into 4 groups of15 each and scalp was infiltrated along the line of skin incision using either normal saline or 0.5, 0.25 or 0.125 bupivacaine. Patients were premedicated with morphine and promethazine and were anaestetised using conventional general anaesthesia technique including 02, N20 vecuronium and morphine. Ventilation was controlled so as to maintain PaCO2 between 25-30 mm Hg. EKG, heart rate and direct arterial pressure were monitored at various events during craniotomy. In control group there was a statistically significant increase in systolic arterial pressure and heart rate after scalp infiltration, scalp incision, during scalp flap reflection, burr hole formation, giglisaw operation and dural incision. In bupivacaine groups there was no significant alteration in arterial blood pressure or heart rate through out the period of study. On comparing the four groups it was observed that rise in arterial pressure and heart rate was significantly more in control group. Similarly a significantly more increasein systolic arterial pressure was observed in bupivacaine (0.125) group as compared to other trial groups. We recommend the haemodynamic changes during craniotomy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,175 0 -
Oculomotor paresis in unruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm [Letter]
AK Purohit, BP Sahu, R Ramesh, TVR Murthy, Murthy TV Ramakrishna
April-June 1997, 45(2):112-113
PMID:29512587
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,092 0 -
Long segment cervico-dorsal intradural lipoma [Letter]
AK Sinha, TN Rao, I Dinakar
April-June 1997, 45(2):114-114
PMID:29512589
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  1,053 0 -
Postmortem examination of the nervous system.

April-June 1997, 45(2):120-125
PMID:29512594
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  1,027 0 3
Thalamic tumour presenting with only deteriorating mental functions [Letter]
S Jha, A Dhanuka, R Garg, A Agarwal
April-June 1997, 45(2):117-117
PMID:29512592
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  978 0 -
Skull tongs : an unusual cause of cerebral abscess [Letter]
M Bhatjiwale, D Muzumdar, B Gumte, A Goel
April-June 1997, 45(2):111-112
PMID:29512586
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  956 0 -
Hereditary multiple exostoses with thoracic cord compression [Letter]
HS Bhatoe, HS Gill, A Sharma
April-June 1997, 45(2):116-117
PMID:29512591
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  926 0 -
Episodic headache in a non-epileptic patient having disappearing single (ring enhancing) CT lesion [Letter]
RK Garg, AM Kar
April-June 1997, 45(2):110-111
PMID:29512585
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  908 0 2
Kaleidoscopic view of intracranial aneurysms.

April-June 1997, 45(2):53-62
PMID:29512573
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  881 0 2
Cerebellar ataxia in patients of falciparum malaria [Letter]
DK Kochar, BL Kumawat
April-June 1997, 45(2):118-119
PMID:29512593
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  865 0 2
Abscess within a metastatic tumour [Letter]

April-June 1997, 45(2):113-113
PMID:29512588
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  850 0 1
Management of posterior fossa tumours with severe hydrocephalus [Letter]
M Panigrahi, BI Devi
April-June 1997, 45(2):114-116
PMID:29512590
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  842 0 -
Online since 20th March '04
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