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Figure 5: Case 14: A 29-year old male patient with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm associated with traumatic carotid cavernous fistula of the right intracranial internal carotid artery. The anteroposterior (a) and lateral (b) cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery reveal a traumatic pseudoaneurysm (arrow) with rupture into a giant cavernous sinus varix and draining to the superior ophthalmic vein (arrow head). The anteroposterior (c) and lateral (d) 3D reconstruction images of cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery clearly show the neck of the traumatic pseudoaneurysm (arrow) and the fistula (arrow head). The follow-up anteroposterior (e) and lateral (f) cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery 30 months after the Willis covered stent placement demonstrated that the traumatic pseudoaneurysm was totally occluded by the stent, which also resulted in complete occlusion of the traumatic carotid cavernous fistula with preservation of patency of the parent artery

Figure 5: Case 14: A 29-year old male patient with a traumatic pseudoaneurysm associated with traumatic carotid cavernous fistula of the right intracranial internal carotid artery. The anteroposterior (a) and lateral (b) cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery reveal a traumatic pseudoaneurysm (arrow) with rupture into a giant cavernous sinus varix and draining to the superior ophthalmic vein (arrow head). The anteroposterior (c) and lateral (d) 3D reconstruction images of cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery clearly show the neck of the traumatic pseudoaneurysm (arrow) and the fistula (arrow head). The follow-up anteroposterior (e) and lateral (f) cerebral angiograms of the right internal carotid artery 30 months after the Willis covered stent placement demonstrated that the traumatic pseudoaneurysm was totally occluded by the stent, which also resulted in complete occlusion of the traumatic carotid cavernous fistula with preservation of patency of the parent artery