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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2003  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 129-130

Oligodendroglioma causing calvarial erosion


Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and Seth G. S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai

Correspondence Address:
Department of Neurosurgery, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital and Seth G. S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai



How to cite this article:
Muzumdar D P, Goel A, Pakhmode C K. Oligodendroglioma causing calvarial erosion . Neurol India 2003;51:129-30


How to cite this URL:
Muzumdar D P, Goel A, Pakhmode C K. Oligodendroglioma causing calvarial erosion . Neurol India [serial online] 2003 [cited 2021 Jan 26];51:129-30. Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2003/51/1/129/1066


Sir
Oligodendrogliomas are relatively uncommon primary brain neoplasms and account for 5-7% of intracranial gliomas.[1], [2] Calvarial erosion in association with an oligodendroglioma is rare. An extensive and excessive calvarial erosion in a large temporo-parietal oligodendroglioma is described.
A 24-year-old female patient, in her sixth month of pregnancy, presented with complaints of gradually progressive generalized headaches and vomiting for the past 3 months. She had decreased vision in the left eye since 15 days. There was no history of fever or tuberculosis. On examination, she was apathic but obeyed simple commands. Vision in the left eye was 6/36. Fundus revealed bilateral papilledema. There was no motor or sensory deficit. Computerized tomography (CT) showed a large right temporo-parietal tumor [Figure - 1]. There was evidence of subfalcine herniation. The overlying inner table of the temporo-parietal bone was eroded. Bone window showed excessive erosion and thinning of the overlying calvaria vividly [Figure - 2].
She underwent a right temporo-parietal craniotomy and radical excision of the calcified tumor was performed. The post-operative course was uneventful. The viability of the pregnancy was confirmed in the postoperative period. Histological examination showed features consistent with an oligodendroglioma. At follow-up after 3 months, she was well and delivered a normal healthy child.
Oligodendroglioma is a relatively slow-growing primary brain tumor and the diagnosis is usually presented by a long history of symptoms, frequently a seizure disorder or headaches.[1], [3] They arise in the white matter and are known to grow towards the cortex.
Calvarial erosion is rarely associated with oligodendrogliomas. It is presumed to be pressure erosion predisposed by the peripheral location and slow-growing nature of oligodendrogliomas.[4] It is also observed to be independent of the purity or grade of the tumor. Calvarial erosion, in association with the peripheral location of the tumor and calcification is highly suggestive of a diagnosis of an oligodendroglioma. It indicates a lower malignant potential.[5]
An excessive thinning and rarefaction of the inner table of the tempero-parietal bone secondary to pressure erosion caused by the large size of the oligodendroglioma is vividly seen in the present case. Such profound calvarial erosion in an oligodendroglioma is encountered infrequently in clinical practice. 

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1.Mork SJ, Lindegaard KF, Halvorsen TB, et al. Oligodendroglioma: incidence and biological behavior in a defined population. J Neurosurg 1985;63:881-9.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  
2.Rubinstein LJ. Tumors of the central nervous system. In: Armed forces Institute of Pathology: Atlas of tumor pathology, series 2, fascicle 6. Bethesda 1972:85-104.   Back to cited text no. 2    
3.Chin HW, Hazel JJ, Kim TH, Webster JH. Oligodendrogliomas. A review of two hundred cases. Cancer 1980;45:1458-66.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  
4.Osborn AG. Diagnostic Neuroradiology. Mosby, St Louis, Missouri 1994;564-5.  Back to cited text no. 4    
5.Lee YY, Van Tassel P. Intracranial oligodendrogliomas: imaging findings in 35 untreated cases. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1989;152:361-9.  Back to cited text no. 5    

 

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