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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 97-98

Aqueductal stenosis caused by an atypical course of a deep collector vein draining bilateral cerebellar developmental venous anomalies


1 Barnard Institute of Radiology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Neurology, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Acceptance16-Jun-2007

Correspondence Address:
Srinivasaraman Govindarajan
Barnard Institute of Radiology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.39331

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How to cite this article:
Govindarajan S, Ranganathan LN. Aqueductal stenosis caused by an atypical course of a deep collector vein draining bilateral cerebellar developmental venous anomalies. Neurol India 2008;56:97-8

How to cite this URL:
Govindarajan S, Ranganathan LN. Aqueductal stenosis caused by an atypical course of a deep collector vein draining bilateral cerebellar developmental venous anomalies. Neurol India [serial online] 2008 [cited 2022 Dec 3];56:97-8. Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2008/56/1/97/39331


Sir,

We report a 31-year-old woman who presented with intermittent mild occipital headache for six months without focal neurological deficits or papilledema. Mild hydrocephalus involving lateral and third ventricles with prominent aqueductal flow void was noted. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed large developmental venous anomalies (DVAs) in both cerebellar hemispheres draining into a prominent collector vein in the fourth ventricle [Figure - 1]. Axial and sagittal T1 contrast-enhanced images demonstrated the subependymal collector vein coursing upwards through the aqueduct to join the vein of Galen [Figure - 2]A,B. Cardiac-gated cine phase contrast MRI revealed absence of CSF flow in the aqueduct. A coexistent pontine cavernous angioma was also noted.

DVAs are common intracranial vascular malformations that are thought to represent primary dysplasias of the capillaries and small transcerebral veins or a compensatory mechanism of an intrauterine accident that caused thrombosis of the normal venous pathways. [1] It follows that these veins, although abnormal, are often the only venous drainage available and thrombosis [2] or surgical excision of the draining vein have resulted in infarction. [3]

The typical DVA consists of multiple radially arranged abnormal veins that converge and drain into superficial or deep collector veins forming the 'caput medusae'. The superficial collectors drain into a venous sinus or cortical vein. The deep collectors join subependymal veins.

Supratentorially, the deep collectors drain to the vein of Galen via the subependymal veins of the lateral ventricles. Infratentorially, the deep collectors drain into the subependymal veins of the fourth ventricle. Further drainage may be to through the anterior or lateral transpontine veins or the veins of the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle. Superior drainage is to the precentral cerebellar vein and thence to the Galenic system.

In this patient, the cerebellar DVAs drained into a subependymal vein in the fourth ventricle. Further drainage was atypical, through a subependymal vein that coursed through the aqueduct of Sylvius to enter the vein of Galen causing obstruction to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow.

Venous angiomas have been very rarely associated with CSF obstruction. Aqueductal stenosis caused by the midbrain DVAs [4] and unilateral foramen of Monro obstruction by intraventricular DVAs, [5] have been described. This case illustrates the fact that draining deep collector veins of cerebellar DVAs can follow atypical drainage patterns and cause obstruction at the aqueduct of Sylvius.

As this condition is an obstructed hydrocephalus, an endoscopic third ventriculostomy is preferable over shunting as and when the symptoms deteriorate or the ventricle size increases.

 
  References Top

1.Saito Y, Kobayashi N. Cerebral venous angiomas: Clinical evaluation and possible etiology. Radiology 1981;139:87-94.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
2.Masson C, Godefroy O, Leclerc X, Colombani JM, Leys D. Cerebral venous infarction following thrombosis of the draining vein of a venous angioma (developmental abnormality). Cerebrovasc Dis 2000;10:235-8.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
3.Senegor M, Dohrmann GJ, Wollmann RL. Venous angiomas of the posterior fossa should be considered as anomalous venous drainage. Surg Neurol 1983;19:26-32.  Back to cited text no. 3  [PUBMED]  
4.Blackmore CC, Mamourian AC. Aqueduct compression from venous angioma: MR findings. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 1996;17:458-60.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]
5.Tien R, Harsh GR 4 th , Dillon WP, Wilson CB. Unilateral hydrocephalus caused by an intraventricular venous malformation obstructing the foramen of Monro. Neurosurgery 1990;26:664-6.  Back to cited text no. 5    


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