Neurology India
menu-bar5 Open access journal indexed with Index Medicus
  Users online: 2557  
 Home | Login 
About Editorial board Articlesmenu-bullet NSI Publicationsmenu-bullet Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe Videos Etcetera Contact
  Navigate Here 
  » Next article
  » Previous article 
  » Table of Contents
 Resource Links
  »  Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
  »  Article in PDF (1,021 KB)
  »  Citation Manager
  »  Access Statistics
  »  Reader Comments
  »  Email Alert *
  »  Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  

  In this Article
 »  References
 »  Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded60    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal


Year : 2009  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 831-832

An unusual variant of the ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm located on the planum sphenoidale

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 228-8555, Japan
2 Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 228-8555, Japan

Date of Acceptance08-Jan-2009
Date of Web Publication30-Jan-2010

Correspondence Address:
Masatou Kawashima
Department of Neurosurgery, Kitasato University, School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, 228-8555
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.59501

Rights and Permissions

How to cite this article:
Kawashima M, Kitahara T, Soma K, Fujii K. An unusual variant of the ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm located on the planum sphenoidale. Neurol India 2009;57:831-2

How to cite this URL:
Kawashima M, Kitahara T, Soma K, Fujii K. An unusual variant of the ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm located on the planum sphenoidale. Neurol India [serial online] 2009 [cited 2023 Dec 11];57:831-2. Available from:


The anatomy of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) is highly variable and the variations in the anterior communicating artery (AComA) complex are quite common and are well described. [1],[2] We describe an unusual variant of AComA aneurysm located on the planum sphenoidale.

A 51-year-old previously healthy woman was admitted with a sudden onset of headache. On examination the grade of subarchnoid hemorrhage (SAH) was Grade V (World Federation of Neurological Surgeons). The initial computerized tomography scan revealed widespread SAH with right frontal intracerebral and intraventricular hemorrhage [Figure 1]a and b. Three dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) revealed an aneurysm located at the AComA complex on the planum sphenoidale. Both A1s had a course to the planum sphenoidale over the tuberculum sellae to join the AComA [Figure 2]a and b. The length of the left and right A1s were 20.5 and 16.0 mm, respectively [Figure 2]c. No other aneurysms were identified. Surgical clipping of the aneurysm through the right pterional approach was performed without complication. The aneurysm was located on the planum sphenoidale, but was not adhered to the frontal skull base [Figure 3]. The postoperative angiogram revealed a complete obliteration of the aneurysm [Figure 4]. The patient underwent the ventricular-peritoneal shunt for the hydrocephalus developed two months after the initial SAH. Patient was left with severe disability because of the initial SAH.

Morphological variantions of ACA, including duplicate A1, duplicate or multichanneled AComA, and failure of pairing of the distal ACA have been frequently reported. [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6] However, variations in the location of the AComA complex have not been well document in the literature. In the cases of intrasellar aneurysms originating from the AcomA, [7],[8] AComAs were located above the chiasm or optic nerves. The A1 courses above the optic chiasm or nerves to join the AComA. The junction of the AComA with the right and left A1 is usually above the chiasm (70% of brains) rather than above the optic nerves (30%). [1],[2] Of the arteries traversing above the optic nerves, most traverse above the nerve near the chiasm rather than distally. The arteries with a more forward course are often tortuous and elongated and some of them rest on the tuberculum sellae or planum sphenoidale. The length of A1 varies from 7.2 to 18.0 mm (average, 12.7 mm). [1],[2] In the present case, the course of both the A1s were not tortuous, but were rather straight. The left A1 was 20.5 mm in length, which is probably the longest length ever reported. Preoperative recognition of the location of the aneurysm in our patients helped us to clip the aneurysm without much of intraoperative problems. 3D-CTA is superior imaging modality to magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and conventional angiography in understanding the relationship between the aneurysm and surrounding structures in spite of the bony artifacts. [9]

The AComA aneurysm located on the planum sphenoidale is quite unique. To our knowledge, this AComA aneurysm variant has not been previously described. The importance of recognizing this variant is related to the planning of surgery in the AComA region.

 » References Top

1.Perlmutter D, Rhoton AL Jr. Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior cerebral-anterior communicating-recurrent artery complex. J Neurosurg 1976;45:259-72.  Back to cited text no. 1  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
2.Rhoton AL Jr. The supratentorial arteries. Neurosurgery 2002;51:53-120.  Back to cited text no. 2      
3.Aydin IH, Takci E, Kadioglu HH, Tuzun Y, Kayaoglu CR, Barlas E. Vascular variations associated with anterior communicating artery aneurysms-an intraoperative study. Minim Invasive Neurosurg 1997;40:17-21.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Friedlander RM, Oglivy CS. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient with bilateral A1 fenestrations associated with an azygos anterior cerebral artery: Case report and literature review. J Neurosurg 1996;84:681-4.  Back to cited text no. 4  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
5.Taylor R, Connolly ES Jr, Duong H. Radiographic evidence and surgical confirmation of a saccular aneurysm on a hypoplastic duplicated A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery: Case report. Neurosurgery 2000;46:482-4.  Back to cited text no. 5  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
6.Kawashima M, Matsushima T, Sasaki T. Surgical strategy for distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysms: Microsurgical anatomy. J Neurosurg 2003;99:517-25.  Back to cited text no. 6  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
7.Aoki N. Partially thrombosed aneurysm presenting as the sudden onset of bitemporal hemianopsia. Neurosurgery 1988;22:564-6.  Back to cited text no. 7  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
8.Murai Y, Kobayashi S, Mizunari T, Teramoto A. Anterior communicating artery aneurysm in the sella turcica: Case report. Surg Neurol 2004;62:69-71.  Back to cited text no. 8  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  
9.Kawashima M, Matsushima T, Miyazono M, Hirokawa E, Baba H. Two surgical cases of internal carotid-ophthalmic artery aneurysms: Special reference to the usefulness of three-dimensional CT angiography. Neurol Res 2002;24:825-8.  Back to cited text no. 9  [PUBMED]  [FULLTEXT]  


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]

This article has been cited by
1 Application of multiple intraoperative monitoring techniques in microsurgery for anterior communicating aneurysms
Ni, W. and Chen, L. and Xu, G. and Song, D.-L. and Lei, Y. and Gu, Y.-X.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Neurology and Neurosurgery. 2012; 12(1): 11-15


Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article
Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow