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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 208--211

Spectrum of pediatric brain tumors in India: A multi-institutional study

1 Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India
3 Department of Pathology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India
5 Department of Neurosurgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
6 Department of Pathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India
7 Department of Pathology, Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH), Mumbai, India
8 Department of Pathology, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (CSMMU), Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
Chitra Sarkar
Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.79142

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Background : Till date there is no published multi-institutional data regarding the epidemiological profile of pediatric brain tumors in India. Aim : The present retrospective study analyses the histological spectrum of pediatric age group brain tumors in seven tertiary care hospitals in India. Material and Methods : Data regarding frequencies of various primary brain tumors (diagnosed according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification), in 3936 pediatric patients (<18 yrs of age), was collected from seven tertiary care hospitals in India.Results : The most common primary pediatric brain tumors were astrocytic tumors (34.7%), followed by medulloblastoma and supratentorial primitive neuro-ectodermal tumors (22.4%), craniopharyngiomas (10.2%) and ependymal tumors (9.8%). The most common astrocytic tumor was pilocytic astrocytoma. In comparison to adults, oligodendrogliomas and lymphomas were rare in children. Conclusions : Our study is the first such report on the histological spectrum of brain tumors in children in India. Except for a slightly higher frequency of craniopharyngiomas, the histological profile of pediatric brain tumors in India is similar to that reported in the Western literature.


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