| INDIAN PERSPECTIVE
|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 774--791
The Aftermath of COVID-19 Lockdown- Why and How Should We Be Ready?
Harsh Deora1, Nishanth Sadashiva1, Manjul Tripathi2, Nishant S Yagnick3, Sandeep Mohindra2, Aman Batish2, Ninad R Patil2, Ashish Aggarwal2, Kiran Jangra4, Hemant Bhagat4, Nidhi Panda4, Manas Panigrahi5, Sanjay Behari6, P Sarat Chandra7, Dhaval P Shukla1, Lokendra Singh8, Suresh Bada Math9, Sunil Kumar Gupta2
1 Department of Neurosurgery, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Paras Hospitals Gurgaon, Haryana, India
4 Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
5 Department of Neurosurgery, KIMS, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
6 Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
7 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
8 Department of Neurosurgery, Central India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
9 Department of TeleMedicine, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India
Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV 2) has inexplicably and irreversibly changed the way of neurosurgery practice. There has been a substantial reduction in neurosurgical operations during the period of lockdown. The lockdown might be the most effective measure to curtail viral transmission. Once we return to the normalization of the lifestyle, there will be a backlog of unoperated pending cases along with the possibility of further spread of the coronavirus.
Methods: We reviewed the available literature and protocols for neurosurgical practice in different geographic locations. We drafted a consensus statement based on the literature and protocols suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO) and various professional societies to prevent the spread of SARS-COV2 while streamlining the neurosurgical practice.
Results: The consensus statement suggests the patient triage, workflow, resource distribution, and operational efficacy for care providers at different stages of management. The priority is set at personal protection while ensuring patients' safety, timely management, and capacity building. We performed a detailed subsection analysis for the management of trauma and set up for COVID-free hospitals for simultaneous management of routine neurosurgical indications. In this time of medicolegal upheaval, special consent from the patients should be taken in view of the chances of delay in management and the added risk of corona infection. The consensus statements are applicable to neurosurgical setups of all capacities.
Conclusion: Along with the glaring problem of infection, there is another threat of neurosurgery emergency building up. This wave may overwhelm the already stretched systems to the hilt. We need to flatten this curve while avoiding contagion. These measures may guide neurosurgery practitioners to effectively manage patients ensuring the safety of caregivers and care seekers both.
Dr. Sunil Kumar Gupta
Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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