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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1144--1150

Molecular Genetics involved in Neural Tube Defects: Recent Advances and Future Prospective for Molecular Medicine


1 Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Additional Professor in Department of Anatomy, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Dumuduma, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mayadhar Barik
Head of the Department (HOD) in Paramedical Science and Chief in Research, Mewar University, Gangrar, Chittorgarh, Rajasthan - 312 901
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.299136

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Background: Folic acid and multivitamin supplements ((FAMVS) and genetics involvement is one of the major roles in the development of neural tube defects (NTDs). Objective: Our prior aim and objective is to establish an unique guideline and helps the policy decision making for our country India and the World. Materials and Methods: We have collected the data through the literature from the World for their necessary action, rehabilitation part all objectively in PubMed/Medline, Scopous, Embase, Cochrane Review, Hinari, and Google scholar. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was performed with very simple and logistic statistics, percentage, mean, total as collection through the available software SPSS with new version 17.0. Results: The overall (70-95%) we find out those infants with neural tube defects (NTDs) associated with genes involvement and maternal vitamin intake (MVI). Before pregnancy relative risk (PRR) prior to non intake noted as 90% significantly reduced their risk of the NTDs. Now (40-60%) of the women of child-bearing age (CBA) don't use the folic acid intake and supplements (FAISs) in proper way in villages, urban, industrial and sewage areas. We find out that the genetic variants of the fourteen special reported genes, had the major risk factor (MRF) for the (NTDs) and associated abnormalities rate (AAR) within the developmental process in the human brain. Conclusions: The (45-55%) people still having at ignorant zone, due to lack of education, genetic counseling, and awareness till date.






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