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|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 230-231
Extrusion of the Distal End of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt through the Urethral Orifice in an Adult Male
Ruo F Liang, Xiang Yang, Yanhui Liu, Yuekang Zhang
Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
|Date of Submission||23-Apr-2016|
|Date of Decision||26-Apr-2016|
|Date of Acceptance||26-Apr-2016|
|Date of Web Publication||24-Feb-2021|
37, Guo Xue Xiang, Wu Hou District, Chengdu
People's Republic of China
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Liang RF, Yang X, Liu Y, Zhang Y. Extrusion of the Distal End of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt through the Urethral Orifice in an Adult Male. Neurol India 2021;69:230-1
|How to cite this URL:|
Liang RF, Yang X, Liu Y, Zhang Y. Extrusion of the Distal End of Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt through the Urethral Orifice in an Adult Male. Neurol India [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Apr 23];69:230-1. Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2021/69/1/230/310091
A 29-year-old male presented with complaints of extrusion of the distal end of the ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt through his urethral orifice. He had a 19-year-old history of an operation for right-sided VP shunt for hydrocephalus as a result of a traffic accident. His VP shunt got blocked at the age of 24 years, for which the shunt system was removed and a novel right-sided VP shunt was placed. On clinical examination, the male was conscious and cooperative, with normal temperature. No meningeal signs or any peritoneal irritation signs were evident. The distal end of the VP shunt was protruded from the urethral orifice [Figure 1]a and blocked without drops of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A computed tomography (CT) scan of his brain showed hydrocephalus, and the ventricular catheter tip was in a correct position. An X-ray of his abdomen demonstrated an abnormal location of the distal end of the VP shunt [Figure 1]b. A CT scan of the lower abdomen showed the distal end of the VP shunt was protruded from the urethral orifice [Figure 1]c. After admission to our hospital, antibiotic treatment was prescribed. By exploring for cranial wound, the distal end of the VP shunt was pulled through the urethral orifice, and the ventricular catheter was not removed from the cranial wound after many tries. A new laparoscopically-assisted VP shunt was received and the distal end of the VP shunt was placed at the suprahepatic space [Figure 1]d.
|Figure 1: (a) The extruded distal end of VP shunt. (b) X-ray of the patient shows an abnormal location of the distal end of VP shunt. (c) Abdominal CT shows the distal end of VP shunt protruding from urethral orifice. (d) Postoperative abdominal X-ray of patient shows that the distal end of VP shunt was placed at the suprahepatic space|
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Migration of the distal catheter tip of a VP shunt through the urethral orifice is an extremely rare chronic complication of a VP shunt. This kind of complication has been more commonly observed and reported in childhood.,, In the present case, we report for the first time, a chronic complication of VP shunt with urinary bladder perforation and extrusion through the urethral orifice in an adult male. To avoid this complication, the length of the distal end of VP shunt should be kept as short as possible in adults in clinical practice. This present case also suggests that the adequate follow-up time is as important for adult patients as it is for children.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| » References|| |
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Kataria R, Sinha VD, Chopra S, Gupta A, Vyas N. Urinary bladder perforation, intra-corporeal knotting, and per-urethral extrusion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt in a single patient: Case report and review of literature. Childs Nerv Syst 2013;29:693-7.