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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1027--1031

Cerebral Phaeohyphomycosis: Subacute Meningoencephalitic Presentation in a Child


1 Department of Pediatrics, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
4 Department of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Karthi Nallasamy
Department of Pediatrics, Advanced Pediatric Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.323890

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Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis is a rare but serious fungal infection of the central nervous system caused by dematiaceous septate fungi characterized by the presence of melanin-like pigment within the cell wall that is a pale brown to black. It is associated with poor prognosis despite aggressive treatment. We report a previously well 3-year boy with cerebral phaeohyphomycosis who had subacute meningoencephalitic presentation with refractory raised intracranial pressure and had fatal outcomes. The diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological examination of brain tissue obtained by brain biopsy.






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