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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 856--860

Glioblastoma with Primitive Neuroectodermal Component Treated with Adjuvant Radiotherapy and Temozolomide: A Pooled Analysis of 23 Patients


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Subhash Gupta
Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.323892

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Aim: Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most aggressive neoplasms of the central nervous system with dismal survival. In recent years, different variants of GBM have been described in the literature. GBM with areas of neuroectodermal differentiation (GBM-PNET) is a relatively new entity in GBM. Presence of the neuroectodermal component increases the propensity of systemic dissemination as with other intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET). The optimal treatment for these patients remains a controversy, with authors reporting local radiotherapy to craniospinal irradiation and chemotherapy. We intend to analyze the pattern of care for GBM with neuroectodermal component. Materials and Methods: We retrieved data of four patients with GBM-PNET treated in our institute; data were also retrieved from published series to derive treatment and outcome results. Results: In this series, we report the outcome of a series of four patients of GBM-PNET treated with adjuvant radiotherapy and temozolomide. All but one patient underwent gross total resection of the tumor. Adjuvant hypofractionated radiation with concurrent and adjuvant temozolomide was used in all cases. The median follow-up was 12.9 months in the present series. One patient experienced local recurrence 18 months after the treatment. A review of published literature on GBM-PNET was done; studies with details of patient outcome were used for an independent analysis. Twenty-three patients were identified, and the pooled analysis revealed a median progression free and overall survival of 10 and 25, months respectively. Extent of surgery, local radiation vs. craniospinal irradiation, and age at presentation had no impact on the survival. Conclusion: GBM PNET is a new entity with only few cases reported so far. Clinical behavior and treatment outcome of these tumors are not different from conventional GBM. However, these patients are at higher risk of CSF dissemination. Hence, an individualized treatment approach is best suited.






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