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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 904--909

Avoiding Complications in Surgical Resection of Insular Gliomas – Single Surgeon Experience


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Neurology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manas Panigrahi
Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, 1-8-31/1, Ministers Road, Secunderabad, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.325334

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Background and Aims: Insular gliomas remain one of most challenging locations for aggressive resection. We report our experience and strategies we employed to avoid complications in immediate post-operative period of surgical resection of insular gliomas. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data collected in 61 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection of insular gliomas between May 2013 and May 2016 was done. Primary outcome measures were neurological deficits and death in the immediate post-operative period to three months follow-up. Results: The average age of the study population was 42.57 ± 10.98 years with 41 (67.2%) men. Glioma was on the right side in 35 (57.3%) patients. Surgery for recurrent glioma was performed in three (4.9%) patients. The average MIB index of the entire group was 10.1 ± 13.9. While 23 (37.7%) patients underwent the TO approach, 38 (62.3%) underwent TS approach. In the immediate post-operative period, significantly higher number of patients under TS approach had post-surgical complications (8.6% vs 34.2%; P = 0.032). The surgical approaches did not differ significantly for outcome, mortality and complications at three month post-operatively (0.0% vs 10.5%; P = 0.287). However, a trend for lower complications at three months was observed with TO approach. Conclusion: We report that morbidity and mortality in immediate post-operative period can be reduced by: a) pre-surgical assessment of confinement of glioma in respect to lenticulo-striate arteries, b) Intra-operative use of functional-MRI, DTI tractography and ICG angiography, c) Application of Berger-Sinai classification to localize the glioma, d) selecting either TS or TO approach based on Berger-Sinai classification.






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