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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 944--949

Prospective Analysis of Role of hsTnT and NT-proBNP in Prediction of Neurogenic Stress Cardiomyopathy in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage


Department of Neurosurgery, Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (GIPMER), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amit K Sharma
Department of Neurosurgery, Govind Ballabh Pant Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (GIPMER), New Delhi - 110 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.323891

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Background: Neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy (NSC), also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), is a significant complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and an important contributor to morbidity mortality. Objective: This prospective observational study assessed whether the high sensitive troponin T (hsTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NTproBNP) helps in the prediction of NSC after SAH. Methods: The consecutive patients with aSAH without any cardiac history were included prospectively over 12 months. Neurological assessment for the grade of SAH (Hunt & Hess and WFNS grade), electrocardiogram, and echocardiography done at admission. The serial measurements of serum hsTnT and NTproBNP for consecutive 7 days done. The NSC is defined as transient hypokinesia of the ventricular wall on echocardiography. Results: The study included 69 patients, and 7 (10.1%) were diagnosed with NSC. The NSC had a positive correlation with Hunt and Hess grade (P = 0.010), and the serum levels of hsTnT and NTproBNP were higher in patients with NSC in comparison to without NSC over all 7 days. The peak levels of hsTnT and NTproBNP were significantly higher in patients with cardiomyopathy (P = 0.000 and 0.032, respectively). The best cut-off level of peak hsTnT was 0.032 pg/dl to predict cardiomyopathy with sensitivity and specificity of 100% and 80%, respectively, and NTproBNP was 430.6 ng/dL with sensitivity and specificity of 86% and 73%, respectively. Conclusion: The peak levels of hsTnT and NTproBNP with abnormal ECG and echocardiography at admission help identify NSC in the early phase of aSAH.






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