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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 966--972

PEEK vs Titanium Cage for Anterior Column Reconstruction in Active Spinal Tuberculosis: A Comparative Study

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Pankaj Kandwal
Department of Orthopaedics, AIIMS, Rishikesh - 249 203, Uttarakhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.325384

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Background: Posterolateral decompression and debridement in patients with TB spine led to defect in the anterior column which makes the spinal column unstable, thus making anterior column reconstruction an important step in surgical management. Objective: Through the study, authors sought to answer the following questions: 1) What are the differences in clinical outcomes between patients with TB spine undergoing anterior column reconstruction using titanium mesh cage versus PEEK cage? 2) What are the differences in radiological outcomes between these two groups of patients? Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study including patients with TB spine undergoing surgical management. The included subjects were divided into groups A and B depending on the implantation of PEEK or titanium mesh cage respectively for anterior column reconstruction. Outcome criteria analyzed included clinical criteria like VAS and ODI scores, radiological criteria like kyphosis correction, loss of kyphosis at follow-up, cage subsidence, and bony fusion on a 2D CT scan. Results: The study population included 14 patients in Group A and 15 patients in Group B. Improvement in VAS and ODI scores was comparable between groups. There was no significant difference in radiological outcome measures between the two groups, however, two patients from group B showed implant-related complications needing revision. All patients showed good bony fusion at the final follow-up. Conclusion: PEEK and titanium cages have comparable clinico-radiological outcomes for anterior column reconstruction in patients with active TB spine. Its advantages for being radiolucent and its ease of use may make it a choice of implant.


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