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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1241--1246

Effect of Yogasanas Versus Gaze Stability and Habituation Exercises on Dizziness in Vestibular Dysfunction

1 Neurophysiotherapy Department, Dr D.Y Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr D.Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
2 Department of Community Physiotherapy, Dr D.Y Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr D.Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
3 Principal, Dr D.Y Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr D.Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Namrata D Rawtani
Dr D.Y Patil College of Physiotherapy, Dr D.Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Sant Tukaram Nagar, Plot No. BGP, 190, Pimpri Colony, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Maharashtra - 411 018
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.329557

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Background: Dizziness is a typical manifestation of vestibular pathologies. Clinical studies have shown that it affects 1.82% of young adults to more than 30% older adults. Habituation and compensation are some traditional rehabilitation protocols. Objective: Yoga is also known to have a significant effect on vestibulopathy. Hence, a need arises to compare the above two maneuvers. Materials and Methods: Participants were recruited (n = 32) after screening using the Dix–Hallpike and head impulse test. They were then divided into two groups (n = 16). The first one, Group A, received yogasanas, and the second one, Group B, received gaze stabilization and habituation exercises for 4 days a week for 3 weeks. Pre- and post intervention outcome measures were taken using the Motion Sensitivity Quotient (MSQ) score and Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) scale. Results: In reducing symptoms of dizziness, the between-group comparison shows that Group A has shown greater improvement (12.37% ±1.43%) in MSQ and Group B has shown greater improvement (16.12 ± 3.56) in DHI. Within-group comparison shows that both the interventions are effective in reducing symptoms of dizziness (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Both yogasanas and gaze stabilization along with habituation exercises are effective in improving the symptoms in patients with peripheral vestibular dysfunction. When compared between the groups, yogasanas had a superior hand in the MSQ score, whereas gaze stabilization and habituation exercises had a superior hand in the DHI scale.


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