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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 600--605

Long-Term Outcomes of Paediatric-Onset Craniopharyngioma: A Retrospective Analysis from a Tertiary Care Centre in North India


1 Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Endocrinology (Pediatric), Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Siddhnath Sudhanshu
C-Block, Department of Endocrinology (First Floor), Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences; Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.344661

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Background: Craniopharyngiomas are associated with long-term morbidity in the form of hormone deficiencies, visual deficits, and hypothalamic obesity. Objective: To study the long-term outcomes, including cure rates, endocrine dysfunction, visual dysfunction, hypothalamic obesity, and mortality in pediatric-onset craniopharyngiomas. Methods: A retrospective data analysis of pediatric (onset <18 years) craniopharyngioma diagnosed between 2003 and 2018. Data were collected from electronic hospital records, case files, and direct patient interviews. Results: The mean age at presentation was 10.4 ± 4.5 years (n = 62). The median duration of symptoms at diagnosis was 6 months (3–13 months). At presentation, central diabetes insipidus was present in four (6.5%), central hypothyroidism in 27 (43.5%), secondary adrenal insufficiency in 20 (32%) and delayed puberty in 15 (24%) patients. Hypothalamus was involved in 59/60 patients (98%). At last visit, 22.6% were obese in comparison to 4.6% at presentation, and anterior pituitary deficiency was present in 90% of the patients. Sixty-one percent patients (n = 62) had delayed puberty and 67% (n = 53) had short-stature. Out of 35 short children, nine (14%) children who received growth hormone had significant increase in height SD score (−3.8 (1.4) at start vs. −2.9 (1.2) at last follow-up; P = 0.008). Tumor progression was significantly less in the group that received RT compared to those who did not (8% vs. 39%; P = 0.002). Conclusion: Childhood-onset craniopharyngioma results in significant morbidity. The prevalence of pituitary hormones deficiency, visual deficits, and obesity are high at long-term follow-up. Incomplete tumor removal is also frequent. Thus, long-term monitoring is necessary for the timely management of the morbidities associated with craniopharyngioma.






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