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 BRIEF REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 740--743

Schizencephaly and the Neurodevelopmental Model of Psychosis


1 Departmen of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Departmen of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Departmen of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Hosur Road, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sundarnag Ganjekar
Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.344662

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Background: Schizencephaly is a rare congenital disorder of cerebral cortical development. Clinical features vary based on the areas and severity of cortical involvement. The most prominent manifestations being motor deficits, seizures, and cognitive impairment. MRI has been the diagnostic modality of choice. Till now, a handful of case reports associating schizencephaly with psychiatric manifestations have been reported. Methods: In this brief report, we review the available literature and present the summary of a 50-year-old gentleman who presented with paranoia, irritability, impulsive spending, emotional lability, and circumstantial speech with perseveration of themes. Results: MRI findings are suggestive of closed lip schizencephaly. Conclusion: This case helps us in understanding the neurodevelopmental model and functional neuroanatomy of psychiatric symptom dimensions.






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