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|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 812-813
Use of poststroke medications and COVID-19-associated mortality
Moon Ho Park1, Dae-Sung Kyoung2
1 Department of Neurology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, South Korea
2 Department of Data Science Analysis, Hanmi Pharmacy, Seoul, South Korea
|Date of Submission||25-Aug-2020|
|Date of Decision||12-Feb-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||12-Apr-2021|
|Date of Web Publication||3-May-2022|
Dr. Moon Ho Park
Department of Neurology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, 123 Jeokgeum-ro, Danwon-gu, Ansan-shi, Gyeonggi-do 15355
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Park MH, Kyoung DS. Use of poststroke medications and COVID-19-associated mortality. Neurol India 2022;70:812-3
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global pandemic and has become a worldwide health threat. Although the major clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory manifestations, there are experimental findings that suggest an association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and stroke. There are practical recommendations for management of acute ischemic stroke during the COVID-19 pandemics. Like the management of acute ischemic stroke, that of poststroke is also important because numerous poststroke patients reside in convalescent hospitals and nursing homes, where are vulnerable to infection clusters associated with COVID-19, and stroke itself has been identified as both a critical comorbidity for COVID-19 and a high-risk factor for poor prognosis.
However, controversy exists regarding the links between COVID-19 and therapeutics for poststroke and stroke-associated risk factors. For instance, clopidogrel, a P2Y12 receptor adenosine diphosphate (ADP) antagonist, can prevent infection-induced platelet hyperactivity, via ADP signaling, and whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-receptor blockers, which are used for the treatment of hypertension, and thiazolidinedione, which is used to treat diabetes, can facilitate COVID-19 remains under debate. Additionally, statins have been associated with a lower risk of mortality in COVID-19.
We evaluated the national COVID-19 claim database of South Korea and identified 5,726 patients with PCR-confirmed COVID-19, of whom 140 had died. Our observations revealed no significant relationship between COVID-19-associated mortality and ongoing, poststroke, medication management, after adjusting for clinically relevant potential confounders, including age, sex, and comorbidities. A similar result was consistently observed, both during the overall analysis of all COVID-19 patients and in the subgroup analysis, which was limited to patients with stroke [Table 1].
|Table 1: Likelihood of mortality in patients with confirmed COVID-19 according to treatment with various medications of interest|
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These results may not be surprising to some. However, given the possibility of an association between stroke and COVID-19-associated mortality, the ongoing treatment of patients should be based on evidence. The results of this study are critical as they suggest that ongoing treatment with the aforementioned critical antiplatelet, anticoagulant, antihypertensive, and antidiabetic agents may proceed without increasing the risk of poor prognosis in the face of COVID-19.
There are several limitations to this retrospective study. The results should be interpreted carefully given the disadvantages associated with a study of this nature.
In conclusion, our study revealed no association between the poststroke medications with an increased risk of mortality among patients diagnosed with COVID-19. During the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic, the ongoing-treatment of poststroke patients should be provided adequately and continuously.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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