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LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 228--229

Giant solid hemangioblastoma of the cerebellopontine angle: A technically challenging case

Bijesh Ravindran Nair1, Vivek Joseph1, Geeta Chacko2, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava3,  
1 Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pathology, Section of Neuropathology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Vivek Joseph
Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India




How to cite this article:
Nair BR, Joseph V, Chacko G, Keshava SN. Giant solid hemangioblastoma of the cerebellopontine angle: A technically challenging case.Neurol India 2014;62:228-229


How to cite this URL:
Nair BR, Joseph V, Chacko G, Keshava SN. Giant solid hemangioblastoma of the cerebellopontine angle: A technically challenging case. Neurol India [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Apr 15 ];62:228-229
Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2014/62/2/228/132450


Full Text

Sir,

Excising a solid variety of hemangioblastoma in the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) is demanding due to the vascularity, narrow surgical corridor, and requirement for circumferential dissection with the proximity of the brainstem and cranial nerves. The authors describe a case of a large, vascular, solid hemangioblastoma of the CPA, excised successfully through a retro mastoid craniectomy, following embolization.

A 12 year old girl presented with gait ataxia, left-sided hearing impairment, and facial asymmetry of five months duration. She had House and Brackmann (H and B) grade three facial function and profound sensorineural hearing loss on the left side along with papilledema and cerebellar signs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain showed a well enhancing 5 × 4.5 × 4.5 cm mass in the left CPA with internal cyst and peripheral flow voids and hydrocephalus [Figure 1]. Cerebral angiogram showed supply from left anterior inferior cerebellar artery, which was super selectively cannulated and the distal segments were embolized with 20% histacryl, resulting in 60% angiographic reduction in the tumor vascularity [Figure 2]. Embolization was immediately followed by a left retro-mastoid sub-occipital craniectomy and total excision with electrophysiological monitoring preserving the facial nerve. There was transient worsening of the facial paresis to H and B grade 4 and impairment of the gag reflex, which improved to preoperative state by tenth post-operative day. The histopathology was typical of a capillary hemangioblastoma [Figure 3]. One week post-operative computed tomography (CT) brain confirmed total excision of the tumor with reduction in hydrocephalus [Figure 4].{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}{Figure 4}

Hemangioblastomas account for 1.5%-2.5% of all intra-cranial tumors and 7%-12% of posterior fossa tumors. [1] Within the CPA, hemangioblastomas are extremely rare; only eight cases have been reported in the English literature to date. [2],[3],[4],[5],[6] Surgical excision is the definitive treatment for a hemangioblastoma. Long-term analysis after primary Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) showed reduction in the benefit with time (70%, 61%, and 51% local control rates at 8, 10, and 15 years follow up), [7] and hence, SRS alone is reserved for patients who cannot safely undergo surgery for hemangioblastoma of less than 3 cm. Internal decompression is potentially dangerous for highly vascularized hemangioblastomas, where removal must be performed by en bloc resection after interruption of feeding arteries initially and draining veins later. Most of the reported cases have been operated as staged procedures or following radiotherapy or via a translabyrinthine approach. [2],[3],[4],[5],[6] Our method of preoperative embolization followed by immediate sub-occipital retro-mastoid approach and en bloc resection of the 5 × 4.5 cm CPA hemangioblastoma was safe with a good outcome.

References

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