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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 129-

Magnetic resonance imaging of ataxia-telangiectasia

Carlos Zamora1, Noushin Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi2, Gokhan Kuyumcu3, Marinos Kontzialis3,  
1 Division of Neuroradiology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, 3326 Old Infirmary Rd, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
2 The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Division of Neuroradiology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Phipps B-112, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA
3 Division of Neuroradiology, Rush University Medical Center 1653 W, Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

Correspondence Address:
Gokhan Kuyumcu
Division of Neuroradiology, Rush University Medical Center, 1653 W, Congress Parkway, Chicago, IL 60612

How to cite this article:
Zamora C, Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N, Kuyumcu G, Kontzialis M. Magnetic resonance imaging of ataxia-telangiectasia.Neurol India 2016;64:129-129

How to cite this URL:
Zamora C, Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N, Kuyumcu G, Kontzialis M. Magnetic resonance imaging of ataxia-telangiectasia. Neurol India [serial online] 2016 [cited 2020 Oct 31 ];64:129-129
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Full Text

A 27-year-old male patient with documented history of ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) presented with progressive episodes of headache, which prompted an magnetic resonance imaging examination [Figure 1]. His physical examination revealed bilateral prominent telangiectasias in the bulbar conjunctivae. He demonstrated mild dysarthria, a delay in initiation of speech, and right beating nystagmus. He had abnormal finger-nose-finger maneuvers and absent deep tendon reflexes.{Figure 1}

A-T is an autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by cerebellar degeneration, oculomucocutaneous telangiectasias, immunodeficiency, predisposition to malignancies, hypogonadism, and radiosensitivity. [1] The hallmark of the disorder is cerebellar ataxia, which is universally present and becomes apparent between 2 and 4 years of age. [1] The causative gene, called ataxia telangiectasia mutated, is localized in chromosome 11q22-23 and encodes a serine-threonine kinase, which is involved in the DNA damage response and associated cell-cycle regulation. [2,3] Over 500 mutations have been identified. [1],[3],[4] Cerebellar atrophy is the most constant finding on imaging [Figure 1]a. [4] Multiple capillary telangiectasias are demonstrated on susceptibility weighted imaging and following contrast administration [Figure 1]b-d. In a recent series, T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery hyperintensities in the hemispheric white matter were associated with diminished metabolite concentration on magnetic resonance spectroscopy. [3] These areas might represent reduced cellularity with edema or perhaps gliosis rather than demyelination or ischemia. [3]

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