Neurol India Home 
 

CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1229--1231

Mollaret's Meningitis: CSF Cytology to the Rescue

Deepak Menon1, R Praveen1, Ashok Kumar2, Annie Balthazar3, S Syamlal4 
1 Department of Neurology, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Paediatrics, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pathology, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
4 Department of Neurosurgery, Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deepak Menon
SRA 12, Sreemoolam Road, Kumarapuram, Medical College PO, Trivandrum - 695 011, Kerala
India

Mollaret's meningitis refers to the classical description by Pierre Mollaret of recurrent episodes of fever and meningism lasting 2–5 days, followed by spontaneous recovery. It remains a rare entity and most often is attributed to reactivation of latent Herpes Simplex virus (HSV)-2 virus. Though considered self-limiting and innocuous, there are exceptional cases in which neurological sequelae have been reported. From a clinician's perspective, narrowing down the diagnosis may not be straightforward and would require judicious use of investigations. Here we report two cases of Mollaret's meningitis, both of whom had negative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for HSV. These reports also highlight an unusual pattern of presentation of this rare entity and the utility of CSF cytology in clinching the diagnosis.


How to cite this article:
Menon D, Praveen R, Kumar A, Balthazar A, Syamlal S. Mollaret's Meningitis: CSF Cytology to the Rescue.Neurol India 2020;68:1229-1231


How to cite this URL:
Menon D, Praveen R, Kumar A, Balthazar A, Syamlal S. Mollaret's Meningitis: CSF Cytology to the Rescue. Neurol India [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 21 ];68:1229-1231
Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/article.asp?issn=0028-3886;year=2020;volume=68;issue=5;spage=1229;epage=1231;aulast=Menon;type=0