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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 832--833

Epidermoid Cyst of the Cavum Septum Pellucidum: A Case Report and Literature Review

Yu Hu1, Huixin Tan2, Siqing Huang1,  
1 Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
2 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Siqing Huang
No 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu - 610041, Sichuan Province
China




How to cite this article:
Hu Y, Tan H, Huang S. Epidermoid Cyst of the Cavum Septum Pellucidum: A Case Report and Literature Review.Neurol India 2022;70:832-833


How to cite this URL:
Hu Y, Tan H, Huang S. Epidermoid Cyst of the Cavum Septum Pellucidum: A Case Report and Literature Review. Neurol India [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 11 ];70:832-833
Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/text.asp?2022/70/2/832/344627


Full Text



A 29-year-old previously healthy male was admitted with a history of seizures and right lower-extremity weakness for 7 days. On examination, no neurological deficits were detected. Cranial computed tomography (CT) revealed a large, well-defined hypodense intraventricular mass with rim calcification [Figure 1]a. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain demonstrated an expansive mass of size 6.8 × 3.6 × 6.2 cm3 located within the cavum septum pellucidum (CSP). The lesion was hypointense on T1-weighted (T1W), hyperintense on T2-weighted (T2W), and heterogeneous intense on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images with no contrast enhancement [Figure 1]b,[Figure 1]c,[Figure 1]d,[Figure 1]e,[Figure 1]f.{Figure 1}

The patient underwent microsurgery via a left frontal transcortical approach. Intraoperatively, a well-encapsulated pearly white lesion was seen, indicating a typical epidermoid cyst [Figure 2]a. We attained near-total resection. Histopathologic examination revealed typically thin anucleate squames without any skin appendages, confirming the diagnosis of an epidermoid cyst [Figure 2]b. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and complete resolution of his symptoms.{Figure 2}

Epidermoid cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lesions within the CSP although very rare.[1] They usually demonstrate somewhat heterogeneous signal intensity on FLAIR and characteristically hyperintense signals with restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences. The displacement of the anterior cerebral arteries and internal cerebral veins is helpful to determine the original site of deeply situated midline epidermoid cysts.[2] Gross total resection is advocated in epidermoid cysts of the CSP, and near-total resection with meticulous lesion monitoring should be performed in cases of tight adhesion.[3],[4]

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Bikmaz K, Dinc C, Cakabay M, Iplikcioglu AC. Epidermoid cyst of the cavum septum pellucidum. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2007;149:1271-2.
2Das KK, Honna RM, Attri G, Khatri D, Gosal JS, Dixit P, et al. A Single-center surgical experience of interhemispheric epidermoids and proposal of a new radiological classification. World Neurosurg 2020;141:e606-14.
3Nagasawa D, Yew A, Safaee M, Fong B, Gopen Q, Parsa AT, et al. Clinical characteristics and diagnostic imaging of epidermoid tumors. J Clin Neurosci 2011;18:1158-62.
4Shear BM, Jin L, Zhang Y, David WB, Fomchenko EI, Erson-Omay EZ, et al. Extent of resection of epidermoid tumors and risk of recurrence: case report and meta-analysis. J Neurosurg 2019;133:291-301.